Warts are a fairly common problem. They are small growths on the skin, can be hard with a keratinized crust or soft papillary. In most cases, warts do not cause discomfort and pain.
Unpleasant sensations in the place of their formation should always cause concern. Such growths are conditionally harmless, but with any changes, a dermatologist consultation is needed. There are just a few reasons why a wart can hurt, and any of them should not be ignored.
Where do warts come from?
The only known cause of the formation of warts is the human papillomavirus. If it cannot be detected using a blood test, it means that its cells did not have time to spread throughout the body, concentrating directly in the growth and around it.
The virus can be infected through contact-domestic and sexual transmission, and it can also be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy or childbirth. After infection, the incubation period begins, when the disease does not manifest itself. It can last from several months to several years.
Warts begin to appear under the influence of related factors:
- Decreased immunity;
- Lack of hygiene;
Why does a wart hurt?
In the normal state, warts do not hurt, do not itch, and do not cause other discomfort. The exception is the tongue or plantar warts. Their appearance is always accompanied by acute pain during walking and when pressed.
The only way to get rid of this problem is to remove the growth. It is necessary to do this in a medical institution, alternative methods are permissible only if the doctor approved them.
If education hurts elsewhere – on the hands, on the body or head, this is often a cause for concern. The pain may be constant, or occur during pressing. The causes may be friction against clothing, mechanical damage, or degeneration into a malignant formation.
If the growth is located in an "inconvenient place" – under the armpit, on the neck, on the waist and other parts of the body, pain occurs as a result of friction on the clothing or if you push it hard. Especially it concerns too dense or synthetic fabrics. If hygiene is not observed at the same time, microorganisms causing the inflammatory process penetrate into the formation.
In areas subject to frequent exposure, warts must be removed as soon as possible. If there is no such opportunity or desire, it is important to pay more attention to cleanliness and change clothes to more spacious ones. If the cause is eliminated, the pain is likely to stop within a few days.
Mechanical damage or chemical effects on the wart can cause pain and bleeding. Particularly dangerous growths on the head in the hair – you may not know about their existence, and it is easy to scratch when combing.
Frequent interactions with cleaning products, building materials, and other corrosive substances can cause a chemical burn. If the work involves the use of such products, it is necessary to use protective equipment, especially in places where warts appear.
A painful wart must be shown to a dermatologist so that he can determine the degree of damage and prescribe local treatment, and if necessary, remove the formation.
This is the most dangerous reason a wart can hurt. Unpleasant sensations can occur only when pressed or be constant. Skin cancer or melanoma develops very rapidly and is almost not treatable. The sooner the problem is noticed, the greater the likelihood of a good outcome.
However, in this case, pain is not the only symptom. Others join it:
- The appearance of black dots on the wart or its complete blackening;
- The heterogeneity of the color of the growth;
- Uneven edges;
- Any changes in education that appear in a short time.
An ordinary wart, if it increases, is relatively slow. Rapid growth and a change in the type of growth always indicates a pathological process. Even if malignancy does not occur, such a symptom may indicate excessive activation of the papilloma virus, which also cannot be ignored.
If it hurts after removing the wart
Such a phenomenon as skin soreness at the site of growth growth is not uncommon. This is normal if the discomfort lasts several days. The main thing is to comply with the recommendations of doctors on the care of the scar.
If the pain persists for more than a week, while there is redness of the skin, suppuration, it is necessary to seek medical help. The infection may have gotten into the wound or the wart has not been completely removed.
It is very important in the first days after the removal of education by any method to carefully monitor changes in the skin in this place, if necessary, treat it with any means prescribed by a doctor.
How to treat painful warts
It is very important not to self-medicate. After the wart has been damaged, in no case should you try to remove it yourself. The only thing that can be done is to try to relieve inflammation and prevent contamination.
In any case, a painful wart must be removed to prevent possible consequences. There are several ways to do this:
- Drug treatment;
- Folk methods;
- Radical removal.
Which method to apply in a particular case, the doctor can determine based on the studies. Doctors recommend folk remedies extremely rarely and, mainly, on their own initiative. If there is a desire to use such products for treatment, the approval of the treating dermatologist is necessary.
Most often prescribed medications with cauterizing and / or antiviral effects. They can be produced in the form of ointments, creams, aerosols or plasters. Preference is given to drugs based on salicylic acid and celandine. These substances proved to be better than others in the fight against warts.
Radical methods are to remove the growth in a medical institution with the help of:
- Radio waves
Surgically, the growth is removed if there are any contraindications to other methods. After mechanical removal, a scar always remains. Other methods are relatively harmless and most often do not leave a scar. Although this factor also depends on the qualification of the doctor who performed the procedure, and postoperative care for the place where the wart was.
First of all, in order to avoid possible problems with warts, you need to remove them in a timely manner and undergo full treatment for the papilloma virus, aimed not at increasing immunity and reducing the activity of the virus. It is impossible to completely recover from it, but it is possible to significantly reduce the likelihood of new growths.
To avoid complications with existing warts, you must:
- Prevent friction of growths on clothing;
- Do not injure the formation;
- Monitor their changes, and consult a doctor in a timely manner;
- Observe personal hygiene;
- Avoid the interaction of warts with aggressive substances.
If the wart hurts, it is always a sign of some kind of deviation. Self-diagnosis and self-medication in this case can be not only useless, but also dangerous.