Many of us, having discovered newly appeared spots or growths on the body, do not pay attention to them and do not ask what it is and how dangerous it is. Such connivance towards one's health can be costly. Ignoring the signals of your body, you risk missing an important call and not notice the transformation of cells into oncological ones.
An example of such an unfavorable prognosis is the occurrence of papillomas. These small growths belong to the types of benign neoplasms. Despite the fact that the occurrence of papillomas is rarely accompanied by pain and causes more psychological discomfort, such growths need appropriate treatment and treatment by a qualified dermatologist. So what is dangerous papilloma? Let's figure it out.
Papilloma – is the problem aesthetic or medical?
Externally, papilloma can be described as a small growth on the skin, similar to a papilla. It is attached to the surface of the body with the help of a tapering base, the so-called “legs”. There are also clusters of such growths. The diameter of the neoplasm varies within a couple of centimeters. The form of the growth is usually rounded, but elongated, spiky, or flat papillomas are found. The color of the papilloma usually corresponds to the skin tone or differs from it by one or two tones.
These defects appear on the skin due to atypical cell division, which were attacked by papillomavirus. The human papilloma virus (HPV) after entering the human body for a long time does not manifest itself. Promotes the transition of HPV into an active form, reducing the body's natural defense.
Today, more than a hundred strains of papillomavirus are distinguished, most of which do not pose a threat to human life. The localization of tumors caused by HPV is different. Under attack is not only the epithelium, but also the mucous membranes.
Despite the safety of most growths, they are able to cause a lot of problems to their "master". Therefore, they will have to pay attention.
HPV infection occurs through “open doors”. These are cuts, abrasions, microcracks on the skin or mucous membranes. Ways of infection with papillomavirus can be divided into two groups:
- Contact household;
In the first case, adherents of baths, saunas and pools are at risk. Non-observance of personal hygiene rules, use of one washcloth, toothbrush, towel, etc. may cause HPV infection. An unscrupulous hairdresser or cosmetologist can also become a virus carrier. A poorly crafted medical tool or a tool by a manicurist is also fraught with danger.
Sexual transmission of HPV involves sexual contact. Therefore, some types of papillomas transmitted exclusively through sexual intercourse (for example, genital warts) are referred to as varieties of STDs.
Is HPV infection dangerous?
The danger of papillomavirus is associated with the features of the course of the infectious process.
- The leading position among sexually transmitted diseases in terms of the number of infections;
- Self-elimination or self-healing. The body of young women with a high protective barrier has this ability. Such an organism is able to eliminate HPV without outside interference for 1-1.5 years. Unfortunately, with age, this ability decreases;
- From the moment of infection to the appearance of the first skin manifestations, a long time passes. It depends on the body's ability to withstand the virus;
- The insidious HPV is the absence of symptoms. This can lead to undetected oncological degeneration of epithelial cells;
- HPV can be masked by another STD. Similar symptoms often lead to incorrect diagnosis with traditional research methods.
The transformation of virus-damaged skin cells into a malignant neoplasm depends on the strain of the virus. All 100 strains of the degree of such risks can be divided into three groups:
- Non-oncogenic types of papillomavirus. These include 1,2,3 and 5 strain;
- Types of HPV with moderate malignancy. This is 6,11,42,43 and 44 species;
- A type of papillomavirus with an increased degree of oncogenicity. It includes 16,18,31,33,35,39,35,51,52,56,58,59 and 68 strain. The danger of malignancy is due to the carcinogenic properties of these types of human papillomavirus.
The most dangerous papillomas caused by the 15th strain of HPV. They are at the greatest risk of degeneration into cancer. This is one of the most common types of HPV (up to 70% of all infections are infection with strain 15).
The danger level of papillomavirus is determined by those oncological diseases, to the development of which it leads to:
- Cervical cancer;
- Laryngeal cancer, etc.
Varieties of papillomas and their danger
The appearance of the growth and its localization depends on the HPV strain that caused it. These types of papillomas are distinguished:
- Simple papillomas. The most common neoplasm caused by papillomavirus. First, small balls appear on the skin, which eventually become rough, become covered with scales and darken. The dislocation of such papillomas is the soles of the feet, the back of the hands, fingers and toes, folds of skin between the fingers;
- Acrochords or filamentous growths. The formation of such a papilloma begins with the appearance of a dense yellowish spot, which after a while stretches and changes shape. Localization on the neck, chest, folds of skin in the inguinal region and in the armpits;
- Genital warts. The growths are prone to the formation of congestion with fused edges. Outwardly resemble a papilla. Attack mucous membranes of the genitals, oral cavity.
Only a dermatologist can figure out which papillomas are dangerous after carrying out the necessary studies. The danger of papillomas is primarily due to the strain of the human papillomavirus, which caused their appearance.
However, in addition to the risk of malignancy, this outgrowth can cause a host of other troubles to its owner.
Possible complications or why papilloma is dangerous
The final answer to the question of whether papillomas are dangerous can be done by a qualified specialist dermatologist – an oncologist after the establishment of a virus strain. But non-tumorigenic neoplasms can also be harmful. So what is papilloma and why are they dangerous.
Let's look at examples:
- Papilloma can bleed. This is usually caused by trauma to the growth or an unsuccessful attempt to remove it at home. The wound formed as a result of an injury bleeds for a long time;
- The development of a secondary infection. If the papilloma is damaged, the “door” opens to various pathogens – fungi and bacteria;
- The more dangerous papillomas on the body are the places of their localization. Neck, back, chest – all these parts of the body are in daily contact with the fabric of clothing. Constant grinding and squeezing can lead to reddening of the tumor, its trauma and even bleeding;
- The risk of malignancy also increases the risk of papillomas. This risk is more prone to injured and improperly removed growths.
Is papilloma dangerous for women?
HPV in a woman’s body can cause pseudo-erosion of the cervix, which is a precancerous condition of the cervix. Therefore, experienced gynecologists insist on routine comprehensive examinations, especially in women older than 40 years. The passage of preventive examinations reduces the risk of developing cancer and allows you to diagnose them at the earliest stages.