Everyone can face such a nuisance as a wart. This is one of the most common skin defects. This is due to the viral nature of the neoplasms.
It’s even more unpleasant to find that blood comes from the wart. Many people are terrified of this problem, they do not know what to do and who to contact. Since the causes of bleeding can be different, you should understand the algorithm of actions in the event of such a nuisance.
Reasons for education
The main cause of all growths on the skin is infection with papillomavirus. According to statistics, more than 80% of the world's population are carriers of HPV. High contagiousness (contagiousness) of papillomavirus is the reason for the appearance of skin defects in a large number of people.
How soon growths appear after infection depends on the level of the body's immune defense. The higher the immunity, the longer the HPV is in “sleep mode”. Of course, neither a healthy body nor drug therapy can completely cope with papillomavirus. He remains in the body and waits for the weakening of his defenses to begin "active" actions.
Causes of bleeding from the growth
The wart is bleeding due to:
- Neoplasm injury;
- Inflammatory process;
- Malignancy (degeneration into a malignant tumor).
Damaging the growth is not difficult. Especially if he has a thin “leg” or is located in an open area (neck, back, nose) or in an area where it is easy to cut with a razor during hygiene procedures.
You can damage the wart when you try to remove it yourself in the wrong way: tweezers, scissors, thread.
During sexual contact, you can inadvertently injure genital warts. The growth near the anus is often damaged during bowel movements.
Damage to the formation provokes the entry of HPV into the bloodstream and the appearance of daughter defects. The growth of such neoplasms creates additional discomfort for the patient.
In an injured neoplasm, infection may develop due to the entry of pathogenic microorganisms into the wound. A wart bleeds due to an inflammatory process. In addition to damage, the inflammatory process provokes:
- Squeezing, rubbing the growth;
- Change in hormonal levels (pregnancy, lactation, adolescence) or taking steroid drugs;
- Emotional or physical strain;
In addition to bleeding, inflammation is accompanied by burning, itching, or purulent discharge from the growth. The neoplasm becomes darker, and the epithelium around it swells and turns red.
The fact that the wart is bleeding can be an alarming “bell” about the onset of malignancy – the transformation of cells into malignant.
The process of malignancy is characterized, in addition to bleeding, by such signs:
- Rapid growth of education;
- Color change;
- Suppuration and swelling;
- Unpleasant sensations (soreness, burning or itching);
The appearance of at least one of the listed symptoms is an occasion to immediately contact a specialist.
The risk of transformation of the neoplasm into a cancerous tumor depends on the strain of papillomavirus that caused its appearance. The most dangerous are condylomas localized on the mucous membranes of the larynx, mouth, genitals. However, trauma to the growth can lead to the degeneration of even benign formations.
What to do if blood comes from the wart
Intentional or careless separation of a part of the neoplasm provokes bleeding. How strong it will be depends on the individual characteristics of the patient, a history of diseases and the course of human papillomavirus infection. Stop the blood that flows as soon as possible. Otherwise, this may cause the development of a secondary infection.
If possible, you should immediately seek qualified medical help. But if this is not possible, you need to treat the wound with a three percent solution of hydrogen peroxide. Then you should cauterize the damaged area with an antiseptic. Zelenka, iodine, blue for processing is not recommended. The coloring enzymes of these solutions may interfere with the first signs of inflammation or other complications.
A good option for disinfection is miramistin or chlorhexidine hydrochloride. To protect against pathogenic microflora getting into the open wound, close it with a bactericidal patch. Try to keep the torn off part of the education. To do this, place it in a small container and fill with saline. It will be needed if a histological examination is prescribed.
The specialist will check for signs of malignancy, remove dead tissue and prescribe an effective treatment.
Types of neoplasms prone to malignancy
Some categories of warts are more prone to degeneration than others. So, simple or vulgar growths can be injured if they are localized on the fingers and the back of the hand. Pain is not characteristic of such neoplasms, so patients often forget about them. To prevent damage to such growths, you can stick them with adhesive tape. Shipitsa or plantar growths are susceptible to rubbing by shoes, and condylomas are damaged during sexual contact.
The least susceptible to trauma are flat or youthful neoplasms. Due to the smooth flat surface and small size, it is quite difficult to damage them. Their occurrence is due to hormonal changes in adolescence. Therefore, youthful formations often pass on their own without outside interference.
How to avoid damage
The most reliable protection of wart growths from injuries is the timely disposal of them. But if at the first stage of the disease there is no way to visit a specialist, you should be careful:
- If the neoplasm is deployed in the area where you shave your hair, you should carefully carry out this hygiene procedure using a razor with a soft "floating" head or stop shaving for a while;
- Neoplasms that are localized on the limbs or on parts of the body that are constantly in contact with clothing should be covered with a band-aid.
After it was possible to stop the bleeding, and the neoplasm has completely healed, it is necessary to proceed to its removal in the near future. You can choose a radical way to get rid of growths in a specialized clinic or medical center, or you can decide on conservative treatment at home.
For home use, drugs such as:
- Wartner Cryo;
- Salicylic acid;
The main thing is to strictly follow the instructions and prevent the product from getting into healthy skin areas.
Traditional medicine suggests using celandine juice, acetic acid, garlic, aloe leaf or Kalanchoe to remove warts. Such therapy will take much longer, on average it will take from two weeks to a month.
The most reliable way to deal with neoplasm is removal in a specialized medical institution under the supervision of qualified specialists. This method of treatment is the fastest and most effective.
The attending physician will prescribe a comprehensive course of treatment for neoplasms. It includes:
- Direct disposal of growths;
- Reception of antiviral agents;
- Preventive actions.
Modern medical centers offer to remove the growth using:
- Laser destruction;
- Radio wave therapy;
- Surgical operation.
All these methods are characterized by high efficiency, but cannot guarantee that the growths will not appear again. This is due to the fact that today there is no cure for papillomavirus. He remains in the human body and waits for the right moment for "active action".
Therefore, the complex therapy of neoplasms includes the use of antiviral agents (Acyclovir, Viferon) and immunostimulants (Interferon, Giferon, Imiquimod).
The main preventive measures are:
- Balanced diet;
- Intake of vitamins;
- Exclusion of physical and emotional stress;
- Personal hygiene;
- Healthy lifestyle.
All this will help preserve your health, and protect you from the infection of your loved ones.