It is difficult to find a person who has never seen a wart in his life. This skin disease is too common. There will be growths at any age, but even after they are detected, you should not panic, since they do not pose any threat to the body.
The size of the wart most often does not exceed a few millimeters, but sometimes quite large growths are found. They can be localized in any area of the skin. In most cases, they are considered only a cosmetic defect and do not even try to find out everything about the warts, but try to remove them as soon as possible.
Types of Warts
To date, several varieties of warts are known:
- Common – growths of small size and round shape, their surface is horny. Most often localized on the hands, face and scalp. May appear not only in adults, but also in children;
- Plantar – the feet are affected. When walking cause pain. The reason for their appearance is often narrow, rather uncomfortable shoes;
- Flat (they are also called youthful) – their surface is flat, and the shape is round. In most cases, appear on the hands and face;
- Spiky – localized in the genital area;
- Senile – do not need treatment, appear in people of advanced age.
The structure of the wart
Warts on the body most often represent a slightly compacted, keratinized area of the skin, which has fairly clear boundaries. Depending on the location and individual characteristics of the organism, they can be more elevated and reach up to one and a half centimeter in width.
The upper layer of the neoplasm is covered with a crust, which protects it from external influences. A root is hidden under this crust, literally pierced by very thin blood vessels. It is with their help that the growth receives the nutrients necessary for further cell division and its growth.
Depending on the location, the structure of the wart may change. Soles, for example, differ from ordinary ones only in root depth and size. This is due to the increased load, due to which the roots are deepened as much as possible.
The structure of the hanging and genital neoplasms is somewhat different. The roots are shallow, but at the same time they rise much stronger above the skin. That is why they are more susceptible to all kinds of damage.
The wart in the context is as follows:
- Top layer of the epithelium;
- The roots of the growth;
- Subcutaneous fat.
A wart is well seen under a microscope. Clearly visible changes in the structure of cells, all compaction. The top layer coarsens, becomes as resistant to various damages as possible.
Causes of Warts
The occurrence of warts is due to the ingestion of the human papillomavirus. Infection occurs through direct contact with the carrier of the infection and even the use of his personal belongings. Damage to the integrity of the skin and an oppressed immune system that is unable to withstand the virus contribute to infection.
The appearance of warts is possible under the following conditions:
- Direct contact with a person on whose body there are warts;
- Use of personal belongings of the carrier of the infection;
- Using unprocessed antiseptic tools for manicure;
- Visiting public places with high humidity (pools, saunas) without personal shoes;
- Sexual contact with a partner on whose body there are genital warts;
- Wearing uncomfortable, very tight shoes.
How to recognize a wart
Not every person is able to accurately determine that he had a wart. Often there are doubts about what it really is: a corn, a mole, an ordinary pimple or a wart. In order to independently deal with this issue, it is necessary to know the characteristic differences of one neoplasm from another.
How to distinguish a wart from a mole:
- In shape. The wart looks like a growth on the skin;
- To the touch. Moles are soft and smooth, warts are quite hard, rough;
- By color. For warts, a light shade is characteristic, and for moles, dark.
Corns appear on the skin no less frequently than warts. That is why it is important to know what the wart and corns look like in order to start the necessary treatment in a timely manner.
There are core calluses that appear due to circulatory disorders in tissue cells that die. The difference between these formations and warts is their origin, since the cause of the second is the virus, while the blood circulation in the cells is not disturbed. That is why on the corns under the extinct cells is smooth skin. Small point traces are characteristic for neoplasms caused by HPV.
The wart causes severe pain, unlike corns. It is on this basis that it is easiest to distinguish one growth from another.
Certain features of the treatment of warts on the body
Medicine today is not yet able to eliminate the root cause of warts – the human papillomavirus itself. That is why, even after removal of the growth, often enough, it soon reappears. Regardless of the method chosen, relapse occurs in approximately a third of patients.
In addition, in most cases, scars remain on the body after getting rid of the wart. And it turns out that the more effective the method, the higher the likelihood of scarring.
It is far from always that warts need to be treated; their behavior is extremely unpredictable. In some cases, self-healing is observed, especially in children. In people with a weak immune system, this phenomenon is much less common.
Considering such factors as the possibility of relapse and self-healing, the risk of scarring of tissues and the appearance of scars, many experts do not recommend resorting to radical measures and choose the position of the observer. But this does not mean at all that the growths do not need to be treated at all. Observation of the neoplasm is considered an acceptable norm only in cases where the symptoms of the wart appear only visually. With pain, bleeding, regular damage to the growths, removal is mandatory during therapy.
Most often, treatment begins with the use of inexpensive, poorly effective drugs. Only after a while resort to the use of more aggressive means. Due to this, it is often possible to avoid scarring of tissues.
Indications for starting therapy
Due to the fact that warts are prone to self-healing, they do not always resort to their removal. But under certain conditions, this procedure is carried out immediately:
- Itching and pain in the area of the growth;
- Integrity damage and bleeding;
- The neoplasm has acquired a non-standard shape or heterogeneous color;
- Lack of a clear contour;
- The number of warts is increasing rapidly;
- The appearance of growths in the genital area.
If you find at least one of these symptoms, you should immediately seek help from a specialist. After the wart is diagnosed, he will be able to prescribe the most effective treatment.
Hardware and drug treatment of warts
The only right decision when a neoplasm occurs is to contact a qualified doctor who knows everything about warts and will be able to prescribe a set of drugs aimed at strengthening the immune system and fighting the virus, as well as choose the method of removing the neoplasm that will be the safest in each individual case. Most often resort to the following of them:
- Cryodestruction. So scientifically called the method, which implies the freezing of warts under the influence of liquid nitrogen. It is applied to the affected area with a special swab and can withstand only half a minute. The growth in this case acquires a white color, becomes denser. After just an hour, bubbles form on the site of the warts, which will take only about a week to dry themselves. After only 14 days, the crust leaves completely;
- Electrocoagulation. The growth is removed using high-frequency current. The method allows excision without risk of bleeding. After the operation, material remains for subsequent histological examination;
- Laser therapy. The name in this case speaks for itself – the warts on the body are destroyed with a laser. Only a small depression remains at the site of the growth, which will level out after a few weeks;
- Scalpel excision. It is used exclusively in cases where it is necessary to remove neoplasms of huge size.
Only a specialist knows exactly what to do with a wart and can prescribe the intake of certain drugs. In some cases, taking medication is enough to get rid of warts. Most often resort to the appointment of the following:
- Salicylic acid. This tool is strictly forbidden to be used to remove a wart that grows on the face or in the intimate area. The tool is applied directly to the growth itself, avoiding its contact with healthy areas of the epithelium;
- Trichloroacetic acid. It is used not only for the purpose of cauterizing warts, but also when corns need to be removed. The substance is applied to the growth and kept on it until completely dry;
- Ferezol. The drug has a strong bactericidal effect, due to which it is used if necessary to remove all kinds of neoplasms. It is not recommended to start this drug without prior coordination with your doctor;
- Papillek. There are no contraindications to the use of this drug. Its use is allowed even with cardiovascular diseases and renal failure. Side effects after application are not observed.
Warts are a disease of the skin, which, despite all the difficulties, is still possible to prevent. To do this, it is enough to observe a number of preventive measures:
- Compliance with all the rules of personal hygiene;
- If the integrity of the epithelium is damaged, treat the wounds immediately with any antiseptic;
- In direct contact with the carrier of the infection, you must wash your hands thoroughly, do not use his personal belongings;
- To monitor nutrition, it should be balanced, rich in vitamins;
- If possible, avoid stressful situations;
- When using household chemicals, use gloves;
- Choose high-quality shoes that will not cause discomfort;
- The presence of only one sexual partner.
In order to get rid of the neoplasms that appeared on the body, it is not enough just to know how the wart looks and modern methods of its treatment. The key to successful therapy is a timely visit to a specialist.
Only a highly qualified specialist can correctly diagnose and prescribe a course of treatment that will be most effective. It is extremely dangerous to resort to self-medication. In most cases, such actions lead to a number of complications.