A wart on the leg can deliver a lot of discomfort. It interferes with normal movement, limits the choice of shoes, and becomes an obstacle to sports training.
Why do plantar growths arise and where do they come from? Let's consider in detail.
Why do warts appear on my legs?
The main reason for the appearance of growths on the foot lies in the infection of a person with papillomavirus. There are more than a hundred varieties of the virus. Some of them are highly contagious.
There are two ways to transmit growths on the legs:
- Contact – in contact with the defect itself;
- Household – non-observance of personal hygiene rules. Using other people's towels, washcloths.
The risk group for foot wart infection is comprised of adherents of baths, saunas, gyms and swimming pools. The warm and humid environment of these establishments is becoming an excellent breeding ground for the virus. A softened epidermis becomes less protected against the virus.
The incubation period of papillomavirus is from several months to several years. All this time, a person may not suspect infection. This indicates a high immunity that can withstand the virus.
Removal of the papillomavirus from hibernation is promoted by:
- Respiratory (viral or bacterial) disease;
- Nervous strain;
- Increased physical activity;
- Lack of sleep;
- Hormonal changes (in the puberty in adolescents, as well as in women during pregnancy and lactation);
- Disorders of the endocrine system;
- Exacerbation of chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
To create additional favorable conditions for the occurrence and spread of tumors on the fingers and sole of the feet can:
- Too narrow shoes;
- Increased sweating on the soles of the feet;
- Use of a common towel, socks;
- Fitting shoes without socks;
- Visiting baths, saunas and swimming pools barefoot without rubber slates.
What does a wart on a leg look like?
The wart on the leg resembles a rounded protruding small nodule that appears on the soil of the foot or between the toes. These are infectious benign neoplasms of viral etymology. They are easy to get out. Plantar growth is easily confused with corns or dry corns. A characteristic feature that distinguishes the wart from other skin defects is dark blotches. These are blood clotted capillaries. They become visible after being released from the upper solid layer.
In most cases, the growth on the sole of the foot resembles a series of small nodules that give pain when pressed. Often they merge into a single scaly dense formation, covered with a crust of a grayish tint. The epithelium around the warts looks a little darker or lighter in comparison with healthy skin. The skin pattern disappears and is restored after the removal of growths.
All neoplasms attacking the feet can be divided into:
The main place of dislocation is the heels and soles of the feet. However, there are warts on the lower leg, on any toe (from the big to the little finger) and on the interdigital part of the foot. Growths can hurt in connection with the place of their deployment. If they are localized at the points of support of the legs or in places of contact with shoes, the infected person experiences unpleasant sensations that interfere with walking.
Types of Warts on the Feet
The skin on the legs is in the group of increased injuries, in connection with:
- Wearing a narrow, inappropriate shoe size;
- Walking without shoes;
- Wearing open shoes with thin soles.
Any, even minor scratch or wound gives access to infectious microflora, which is very easy to get infected and difficult to cure.
These types of tumors on the legs are distinguished:
- Simple or vulgar warts. Outwardly, they resemble a shriveled bump, the color of which gradually becomes darker. Diameter does not exceed one centimeter;
- Flat growths. Slightly elevated above the main skin. The color matches the shade of healthy skin, sometimes acquiring a soft pink color;
- Senile. They remind keratinized and darkened patches of skin of irregular shape of a dark brown shade;
- Dry or chicken. Outwardly resemble old whitish corn;
- Malleus or plantar wart. Growth, interspersed with a dark color, painful when walking.
We consider in detail each variety.
Simple or vulgar
They are localized under the nail, on the fingers and the foot itself, are found on the knee or under it, on the legs and hips of the legs. The symptom complex of ordinary growths includes:
- Lightening or darkening of individual sections of the epithelium;
- The appearance of one or a group of small cones with a keratinized, scaly upper layer;
- Coarsening of the skin of the foot;
- Itching or burning may appear at the site of the neoplasm.
Such growths are most often found in adolescents and primary school children. Cases of self-healing are known, however it is better to consult a dermatologist.
Symptoms of flat tumors include:
- Change in the color of the affected area of the skin;
- The appearance of smooth, slightly rising above the skin, pinkish growths;
- The appearance of irregular spots from several warts fused together.
Senile or seborrheic keratosis
Patients from the age of fifty to sixty five years are susceptible to them. They remind you of an irregularly shaped spot or a neoplasm on the leg, like a bean. The appearance of this type of wart is in no way associated with the human papillomavirus. The danger of such growths lies in their oncogenicity and the possibility of transformation of the formation cells into a cancerous tumor.
The following symptoms of senile warts are distinguished:
- Darkening of the affected area of the epithelium;
- The appeared dark spot is covered with scales, under the layer of which small growths are hidden;
- When scraping the scales – begin to bleed;
- The accreted growths form one large growth.
The formation of such growths is due to age-related changes in the subcutaneous layer of the dermis. Their treatment is long and often inconclusive.
Therapy can be recommended by the doctor after the tests: in case of bleeding and non-healing areas, as well as keratoses located in places of increased trauma.
They are a type of simple or vulgar neoplasm. Most often, the plantar of the foot is attacked.
The epithelium becomes denser, crusty and resembles dry corn. The keratinized layer is often up to two millimeters in height and has a clearly defined contour, rounded at the edges. The color gamut of the neoplasm is predominantly white, yellowish or dirty gray (in the case of blood clots of small capillaries).
The emergence and proliferation of dry growths contributes to the constant grinding or squeezing of the legs, due to wearing the wrong size shoes. Through constant microscopic wounds, the papillomavirus easily enters the bloodstream and spreads throughout the body.
At risk are people with excessive sweating of the legs. They can protect themselves by daily treating the skin of the feet with antiseptic soap or ointment.
Usually accompanied by a pain symptom. This is due to the dislocation of growths at the reference points of the foot. In the absence of timely therapy, individual neoplasms grow together with a deep rod, causing severe discomfort, burning and itching.
Active growth of the plantar “spur” or tongue occurs against the background of infection of microcracks on the legs with human papillomavirus.
Symptoms of the tenon include:
- The appearance of a small cone with a dry edging that looks like a corns;
- The growth of initially asymptomatic bumps is accompanied by itching, burning and pain, which intensify after a long stay on the legs;
- The appearance of dark inclusions, the formation of scales on the surface of the growth;
- The growth of the neoplasm deep and wide – the appearance of daughter growths.
How to get rid of a wart on the leg
Effective therapy of neoplasms on the legs is possible only after consulting a specialist, conducting diagnostics and additional clinical studies.
It is possible to cure warts on the legs, given the general principles of treatment:
- Human papillomavirus is not curable today. Therefore, the goal of antiviral therapy in this case is to deactivate the virus and translate it into a latent, that is, "sleeping" state;
- Remaining in the body, HPV can cause new warts. Therefore, no method of therapy gives a 100% guarantee of the absence of relapse of the disease;
- The specialist should take up the removal of growths. But, even considering modern equipment, it is impossible to guarantee the absence of scars and scars at the site of the removed neoplasm;
- Cases of self-healing are known. But the frequency of spontaneous disappearance of growths decreases with age. The older the person, the less likely he is to get rid of warts without outside help;
- There are growths that are practically not amenable to any therapy. Treatment is not always effective;
- To begin treatment immediately, or not, everyone decides for himself. This is more dependent on the moral and physical discomfort caused by the neoplasm;
- It is not recommended to treat warts immediately with potent medications. They are usually prescribed in the absence of treatment results with more gentle means;
- Before starting therapy, you should know exactly what you are dealing with: a wart, mole, keratoma, or malignancy. Only a dermatologist after an examination can do this.
Removal of growths in a medical facility
Specialized clinics offer a wide selection of methods for radical disposal of skin defects. For example:
- Cryodestructive method. The use of liquid nitrogen, cooled to minimum temperatures, allows you to remove the growth quickly and painlessly. Exposure to low temperatures leads to necrosis of the wart tissue and its complete disappearance on the third or fifth day. To do cryodestruction, it is shown in relation to small and fresh growths. For older and deeper formations, it may be ineffective;
- Electrocoagulation Method. High-frequency current helps fight various types of growths. Closed in a loop, a wart is burned out, drying its tissues. The high risk of a scar or scar at the site of growth and a long healing period of the wound makes this method acceptable exclusively for the adult population;
- Radio wave method. The non-contact method allows you to remove the growth, due to the intracellular effect on the wart tissue. It does not cause bleeding, eliminates damage to healthy areas of the skin and minimizes the risk of secondary infection;
- Laser method of fight against neoplasms – quite new and expensive. The laser beam, penetrating the growth tissue, evaporates them at the cellular level. The ability to adjust the depth of exposure allows you to cope with the deepest and oldest growths;
- Surgical Method. A wart is excised with a scalpel. It is used exclusively for medical reasons. The most traumatic method. A scar is almost always left at the site of the stricken formation. There is a risk of secondary infection in the wound.
Getting rid of warts using pharmacy products
The use of pharmacy drugs is an excellent help in getting rid of growths and preventing their reappearance. All drugs are conditionally classified according to the results of their exposure. Allocate:
- Antiviral and immunostimulating agents. These include oxolinic ointment, Vishnevsky ointment, Viferon, Ridoxol, Panavir, Imiquimod, Acyclovir. It is these drugs that become the first stage of treatment, as they activate the body's defenses. Helping him cope with the virus;
- Drugs leading to wart tissue necrosis. The toxic effect of the aggressive components of the drugs of this medicinal group during the treatment of the growth, have a cauterizing effect. These are such compounds as Superchistotel, Vartek, Kondilin, Solkoderm, Podofillin, lapis pencil;
- Keratolic drugs. Eroding the tissue of the neoplasm, the components of these preparations make it softer and contribute to the detachment of the growth from the surface of the epithelium. The group of keratolytics includes: Salicylic ointment, Collomac, Duofilm. All these drugs do well with plantar growths in men and women;
- Tools for home cryodestruction: Cryopharma and Wartner Cryo. The effect of using these products is reminiscent of freezing with liquid nitrogen. However, they are less dangerous and suitable for independent use. The therapy with cryodestructive agents with respect to plantar and vulgar warts is effective.
Folk recipes for the removal of warts on the legs
To cope with plantar growths, you can use traditional medicine. To do this, you need simple tools that can be found in any kitchen or first-aid kit.
Simple raw potatoes will help to cope with unwanted formations on the legs. The crude root crop should be washed well under running water and then grated on a coarse grater. We rub only the part of the tuber on which the skin is present. We use the rest for making mashed potatoes. Grated potato gruel is evenly coated with the growth, wrapped on top with plastic wrap and fixed with a band-aid or bandage. Spend a good night without removing the compress. The course of treatment is continued until the defect is completely eliminated.
There is a magical rite with potatoes. A small tuber is cut into two parts and rubbed out growths well. Again, connect the halves of the potatoes, tying them with a thread, and bury them under a tree. Rotting, the root crop brings warts along with it.
Bringing out growths with vinegar is very simple. Still need a band-aid. Cut a piece from it and make a hole (the diameter of the hole is equal to the diameter of the neoplasm). We apply the patch so that only the wart remains in sight. Mix vinegar with wheat flour in a cool dough. Put the dough on the wart and fix it on top with a bandage or adhesive. Change lotion daily by kneading a new dough.
Hydrogen peroxide in the fight against growths on the foot
The growth every day for one to two weeks is treated with hydrogen peroxide. You need to do this three times a day. Or twist a small swab from a bandage and, after wetting it in a solution of peroxide, apply to the neoplasm. Change every couple of hours. The course of treatment is three to four days.
If the results from home treatment did not appear within a month, cancel the treatment and consult a specialist.