Papillomavirus (HPV) includes more than 100 types of viral infections that affect not only the skin on the arms, legs, face or chest, but also localize on the mucous membranes of the mouth and genitals. The course of treatment is selected depending on the type of pathogen and the stage of development of the virus. To find out at what stage the disease is, only laboratory diagnostic methods will help.
The main ways of HPV infection are:
- transmission of the virus from a sick person to a healthy person through bodily contact;
- infection of the baby during fetal development or through breast milk;
- transmission of the disease during intercourse;
- papillomavirus entering the human body through skin lesions (wounds, abrasions, scratches);
- spread of infection through the hair of domestic animals.
The first signs of papillomavirus
Various warts and papillomas are the first sign that you are infected. They can be either single or group, and their size directly depends on what stage of development the disease is at.
If external symptoms are absent, then at the initial examination of the patient it is impossible to detect the presence of papillomavirus. It is possible to detect a disease that occurs in latent form only with the help of special laboratory research methods:
- PCR diagnostics;
The tests performed make it possible to determine the type of HPV and select the necessary treatment, taking into account all the characteristics of the patient's body.
Wart or not?
In addition to the growths caused by the papillomavirus, other neoplasms that have nothing to do with HPV can also develop on the body. Most of them are very easy to confuse with different types of warts:
Incorrect treatment of such growths becomes the reason for their transition to a neglected form and often provokes the development of skin cancer.
Warts that appeared as a result of infection with the human papillomavirus infection resemble a small pink or flesh-colored tubercle, and its core can be seen in the center of the neoplasm. Black dots are visible inside the papilloma – these are clogged capillaries. The body of the growth is connected by the root system with blood vessels and nerve endings, and therefore, when pressed on it, a slight pain is felt.
The initial stage of the appearance of papillomas
At the initial stage of development, warts have the form of filamentous growths, which later turn into bulk tumors. Depending on the type of virus, they can attach to the skin with a thin leg or fit snugly against the body.
The beginning wart looks like a small pink ball with a soft structure, which is very easy to damage. Often, small, not yet fully formed growths disappear themselves. The reason for this was the constant rubbing of papillomas with clothing.
Often, a barely noticeable wound remains at the site of the fallen neoplasm and many confuse it with the bite of an insect. The independent disappearance of the wart does not solve the problem with the human papillomavirus, since in this case only the external sign of the disease disappears.
If the growth has just appeared on the skin, you must immediately visit a dermatologist, who will prescribe the necessary tests and select a course of treatment depending on the type of viral infection. Efficiency in the fight against HPV is the key to quickly getting rid of the disease with the possibility of preventing its recurrence.
How to remove a young wart?
The most popular way to remove young warts was the application of local preparations to the skin:
- salicylic patches;
- preparations for home cryodestruction;
- anti-wart solutions.
In addition to medical treatment, the patient can visit the cosmetology center, where he will be offered curettage – the procedure for scraping small papillomas with a special sharp instrument (curette). Basically, this technique is combined with electrocoagulation, but when removing minor neoplasms, it is used as an independent procedure. Before scraping the warts, a local anesthetic substance is administered to the patient, which eliminates any unpleasant sensations during the operation.
The advanced stage of development of warts
In the absence of proper attention to the problem of papillomavirus, warts begin to pass into the advanced stage, which complicates the subsequent treatment of the disease. Aged neoplasms acquire a dark shade and greatly increase in size.
If recently formed papillomas can be easily removed using topical preparations, then only cosmetic procedures will help get rid of warts at an advanced stage:
- freezing with liquid nitrogen;
- laser removal;
- radio wave destruction;
Under the influence of adverse conditions, old warts can degenerate into a cancerous tumor, which will be very difficult to cure.
Papilloma excision with a scalpel
The use of cryodestruction, electrocoagulation, and some drug treatment methods is contraindicated for patients suffering from:
- acute dermatological diseases;
- allergic reactions to drug components.
Also, most medicines containing toxic components, and visits to beauty parlors are not suitable for pregnant women, people with a pacemaker, and small children. In this case, the only solution available is surgery, during which the warts at the initial or advanced stage are removed with a scalpel.