Papillomavirus infection in the active phase leads to the appearance of skin growths on the human body – warts, papillomas, condylomas. New growths are localized on the skin and mucous membranes, there are different types, so they look different from each other, but the reason for their appearance is the same – it is HPV.
Quite a common problem is growths in the inguinal region, while in women, external manifestations of HPV are more common, in men the disease is latent (in sleep mode) and only in 3% of cases genital warts develop. Treatment of the disease should be carried out on time because in addition to aesthetic and physical discomfort there is a risk of infection, as well as malignancy of tumors.
How does the infection occur?
More than 80% of the population is infected with papillomavirus – the infection is transmitted through household contact and sexually. If a growth has appeared in the groin area, it is reasonable to assume that the infection occurred as a result of sexual contact.
The virus DNA is so small that it is able to penetrate the pores of the latex, so even contact contraceptives (condoms) do not provide a 100% guarantee. In addition, the infection is contained not only on the skin and mucous tissues, but also in all biological fluids – semen, urine, saliva.
You can also pick up the virus in public places – sauna, swimming pool, water park. If a woman or a man neglects the elementary rules of protection, for example, while in a bath, he sits down on a bench without underwear, the infection can easily penetrate the perineum and after some time show up with characteristic tumors.
Never use other people’s means of hygiene, coming to the pool, have removable shoes, a swimming cap and antiseptic for timely treatment of wounds. On various surfaces, viral cells retain their activity for up to 3 hours, so do not neglect the elementary rules of protection.
Also often self-infection occurs. If there is a wart in the groin, and you could not or did not want to promptly see a doctor for any damage, the friction of the growth of underwear can provoke the growth and the formation of new processes. Often, hanging warts in the groin appear as a result of careless shaving, during which the integrity of the skin is disrupted.
It should be noted that not all infected people have external manifestations of HPV, for activation of the virus the main condition is necessary – reduced immunity.
See also: Wart in or on the nose. How to get rid of it?
The first wart usually appears a few weeks or months after infection, but not all of them do this. Some HPV carriers have been unaware that they have been infected for decades because they have no external signs of illness. This is due to a strong immune system that inhibits the activity of the virus.
The following adverse factors may contribute to the growth of genital neoplasms:
- Allergic, autoimmune diseases;
- Inflammatory dermatological diseases;
- Stress, lack of nutrients in the body;
- Imbalance of the hormonal system;
- Genital infections;
- Lack of hygiene, neglect of the rules of protection;
- Hereditary predisposition;
- Uncontrolled sex life;
- Abuse of certain antibiotics and oral contraceptives.
It was noticed that the peak of infections falls at the age of 16 to 25 years, the second “wave” of infection is 35 – 45 years.
Types and localization of neoplasms
The most common types of genital warts are:
- Genital warts are a process that looks like a crest of a rooster. The color of the tumor is solid with a pink or yellowish tinge. The incidents are single, but, as a rule, this is a multiple lesion prone to merging – the elements grow together, forming a single, hilly conglomerate;
- Filamentary papilloma is a hanging growth. The localization of the groin, thigh (its inner surface, closer to the genitals), other parts of the body. It never appears directly on the genitals themselves. Such a wart has a soft structure, the color is usually flesh or brown. Treat neoplasms immediately, because they are very easy to injure.
Brown warts in the groin look like a mole and it’s difficult for an ordinary person to distinguish one growth from another, so don’t be in a hurry to heal on your own – in order to avoid irreparable consequences, first consult a doctor and undergo a diagnosis.
After infection, the virus penetrates the upper epithelial layers, causing them to uncontrolled division – this is how epidermal growths appear. It is dangerous that viral DNA can invade the cell nucleus, such a transformation leads to mutation of cells and their transformation into cancer.
If genital warts are found in the groin of women, their localization will be such – small, large labia, area around the clitoris, vaginal opening, rashes can spread to the anus are affected, tumors are less common on the cervix (considered to be a precancerous condition). A wart on the hip is most likely a filamentous papilloma, which is not prone to degeneration into cancer, but you still need to get rid of it in order to avoid injury.
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If warts are found in the groin of men, they will be located – on the crown of the penis, around the urethra (less often inside it), on the scrotum, the anogenital zone may also be affected. Male anal condylomatosis develops as a result of homosexual relationships, in which case the papillomas will grow on the surface of the rectum, creating the illusion of a foreign body inside.
Initially, genital neoplasms do not bother a person, but if you ignore the problem for a long time and don’t consult a doctor, the symptoms of the disease are aggravated. The following symptoms appear:
- In the place of localization of growths there is a burning sensation, severe itching;
- In the case of characteristic lesions, urination, defecation;
- Soreness during sexual intercourse, bleeding papillomas;
- Appearance of puffiness, inflammation is possible (in the absence of proper hygiene, as well as rubbing with underwear);
- The advanced stage of the disease is fraught with secondary infection, which is manifested by suppuration, offensive genital secretions.
The appearance of intense pain may indicate the transformation of a wart into a malignant tumor. Do not put off with treatment.
Diagnostics and treatment methods
Some people try to treat at home, but it’s strictly forbidden to do so! Improper therapy can trigger the process of degeneration of a wart into cancer. In addition, the inaccurate use of some drugs is fraught with burns of mucous tissues, the formation of nonhealing ulcers and pain. In the home, it is permissible to remove skin growths, but not genital neoplasms.
If you do not know which doctor to go to, go first to the gynecologist (this is for women) or the urologist (for men). Then, if necessary, the doctor will refer you to a dermatovenerologist or other specialist with a narrower profile.
- PCR – polymerase chain reaction to identify the type of virus and its quantitative ratio;
- Analysis for hidden infections and STDs;
- Urethroscopy, colposcopy;
- Tissue collection for biopsy (if necessary).
Having determined the nature of the growth and the type of pathogen, complex therapy is prescribed, which includes – removal of growths, as well as the administration of drugs of antiviral, immunostimulating action.
It is possible to get rid of a neoplasm using hardware techniques – using a laser, radio waves, electric current or liquid nitrogen. In addition, chemicals (based on acids, alkalis) that burn a wart are used for removal, for example Podofillin, Verrukatsid, others. However, if tumors are located on the mucous membranes, such drugs are not recommended, especially on their own. It is best to resort to hardware removal.
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Techniques for hardware removal of growths
The most effective and safe procedures for the removal of genital growths are laser and radio wave destruction.
- Laser – acts locally, only in place of the problem, without affecting the surrounding tissue. The doctor regulates the depth of penetration of the beam independently. Under its action, pathological neoplasms dry up, in their place remains a crust. The scab rejects itself after a few days. Usually, for one procedure, all growths are removed. If necessary, the manipulation is carried out again after a few weeks.
- Radio waves – papillomas are excised by a radio knife. In their place, redness remains slightly, then a scab forms, which, after rejection, leaves no traces. During the procedure, the build-up evaporation occurs (exposure is carried out at high temperatures), the surrounding tissues are not affected. Full recovery in 10-14 days.
- Electrocoagulation – after anesthesia, papiloma is cauterized with current. Exposure is local, the procedure is bloodless, penetration of infection and relapse are excluded. Minus – minor scars remain.
- Cryodestruction – apply liquid nitrogen, which freezes the build-up. There is no intense pain, perhaps a slight burning sensation, tingling. Anesthesia is required for large lesions. After treatment, the wart becomes white, dense, after some time becomes covered with a crust and dies.
In order to avoid complications, as well as scarring of tissues, do not peel off the scab that has formed, the time will come and he will reject himself.
Removal of papillomas is a struggle only with the external manifestations of HPV, in order to prevent recurrence it is necessary to overcome the activity of the virus – to take antiviral, immunostimulating drugs. For example:
- Viferon (suppository, ointment) contains interferon, suppresses the virus, preventing its spread;
- Genferon (suppositories) – an immunostimulating drug, it is recommended to take it along with antivirals;
- Novirin, Izoprinozin – antiviral, immunostimulating tablets;
- Allokin-alpha (injection), the drug has antiviral activity, improves the immune system.
Never self-medicate – all appointments, as well as the dosage of drugs and the duration of therapeutic treatment should be determined by the doctor.