Plantar warts are coarse neoplasms that occur in almost 30% of people with papillomavirus. Despite the fact that the soles of the feet are the main place of their localization, they can also appear on the palms of the hands. Due to the deep penetration of the root of the plantar wart into the skin, the treatment is somewhat complicated and sometimes it is impossible to remove it without the help of a specialist.
Where do they come from?
The risk group for outgrowths on the soles of the feet includes people from 20 to 30 years old, although such neoplasms are often found in adolescents and even preschool children. The main reason for their occurrence is hyperhidrosis – excessive sweating of the feet. Together with insufficient attention to personal hygiene, this problem provokes the development of the human papillomavirus (HPV), which manifests itself in the form of various warts on the body.
After HPV gets on the skin of the feet, the virus begins to infect healthy epithelial cells and, with a decrease in the protective functions of the body, the disease goes into the active stage. Further, single or group flat papillomas appear on the sole, which under the influence of skin friction on shoes very quickly coarsen.
In addition to the main method of infection, there are other options for getting papillomavirus into the body:
- HPV transmission through personal care items of an infected person;
- skin damage (cuts, wounds, scratches);
- the virus enters the body after visiting public saunas, shower rooms, beaches;
- transmission of the disease from mother to child during gestation or during breastfeeding;
- infection during sexual intercourse with a virus carrier.
Plantar growths cause much more inconvenience compared to other types of papillomas, since they are constantly subject to pressure and damage when walking. This is the cause of pain in the neoplasm and interferes with a person’s normal life. In particular, warts on the metatarsal bone or heel cause particular discomfort.
In addition to the common factors that provoke the appearance of warts on the sole, there are psychological reasons for the occurrence of the disease – psychosomatics. Not so long ago, scientists began to conduct a thorough study of the statistics of patients with HPV, and in the process of research, they learned that for each person, the period between infection with the virus and the manifestation of the first symptoms lasts differently.
Also, in medical practice, there have been cases when warts occurred in the same place where the papilloma was recently removed by surgery. All this is explained by the fact that the appearance of growths depends on the psychological state of the patient. That is, the disease may not manifest itself for a long time, but due to a little stress or a person’s experience, it literally sprinkles with papillomas of various sizes.
Such changes in the body then occur, when the patient undergoes strong emotional experiences and his psyche is in prolonged tension. This provokes a violation of the protective functions of the body, which inhibit the activation of papillomavirus.
Because of such problems, it is not possible to cure HPV, because the psychosomatic cause of the disease is not treated with conventional antiviral drugs. To begin with, a person needs to restore his psychological balance and a psychologist can help in this. Only after getting rid of stressful situations can the papillomavirus be completely cured.
Differences between warts on the foot and corns
Before you begin to choose the appropriate method of treatment, you need to understand how the plantar wart differs from the callus (corns), because under the dead skin they are very easy to confuse.
The wart has a viral nature of appearance and when you click on it from the side you can feel an unpleasant mild pain. Also, when trying to cut from the wound, slight bleeding will appear. It is impossible to independently remove such a neoplasm with scissors, as this will allow the virus to spread throughout the foot and cause other growths to appear.
In turn, a corn with a core appears after the formation of a blister due to uncomfortable shoes. Its structure is a layer of dead cells and with regular rubbing, the process of growing deeper into the skin accelerates. Unlike a wart, when a corn is cut off, bloody discharge does not appear on it. In addition, in its structure there are no nerve endings and when pressing on the keratinized part of the foot, a person does not feel anything.
Plantar Wart Removal Methods
Today, there are a large number of effective techniques that will allow you to quickly get rid of growths on the foot in a short time.
- laser therapy;
- surgical intervention (excision of a wart with a scalpel);
- freezing with liquid nitrogen (cryodestruction);
- radio wave coagulation;
- drug treatment;
- the use of traditional medicine recipes.
Each of these methods has its positive aspects and contraindications. The choice of a particular method of getting rid of a neoplasm should be agreed with a dermatologist.
Laser Wart Removal
Laser removal of the growth on the sole has a lot of advantages:
- after surgery, no scars remain on the foot;
- the specialist can adjust the depth of laser penetration, which allows you to remove warts of any complexity;
- lack of bleeding and pain during the operation;
- to completely get rid of the growth is often enough one procedure;
- due to the lack of contact between the equipment and the skin, the operation is completely sterile and safe.
The main feature of laser destruction is to reduce the likelihood of repeated relapses. Also, after removal of the growth of tissue on the sole quickly restored. In addition, the cost of one operation is much lower compared to other cosmetic methods of getting rid of formations, which makes laser destruction the most popular among patients.
Scalpel Against Warts
Surgical removal of the outgrowth of the outsole is a fairly effective method, but it is not so popular unlike other methods. This is due to the complexity of the operation and the presence of postoperative scars at the site of the incision.
Wart cutting is performed after preliminary anesthesia with special drugs that are injected subcutaneously in the area of removal of the neoplasm, or using general anesthesia.
Basically, excision with a scalpel is used to get rid of large group tumors or huge solitary ones. The drawback of surgery was the risk of remission, in which the symptoms of papillomavirus disappear, but the problem remains unresolved.
In addition, this method of struggle has a lot of contraindications:
- diabetes mellitus of any type;
- the presence of skin diseases of the feet, which are in the acute stage;
- high blood pressure;
- suspected malignant tumors.
If excision of the plantar wart is the only solution to the problem, then after the operation the patient must follow a number of recommendations that will accelerate the recovery process:
- the use of vitamin complexes;
- regular change of bandage on the leg;
- antiseptic treatment of the scar;
- Wearing soft comfortable shoes.
Removal of growth on the foot by electric shock
Getting rid of education by exposure to electric shock (electrocoagulation) is an absolutely painless and safe procedure, the duration of which depends on the size and complexity of the growth. After removing the wart, a dense crust forms in its place, protecting the delicate layers of the skin from damage during the wearing of shoes until the epithelium is completely restored.
Cell regeneration on the foot lasts about 10 days, after which it is necessary to consult a dermatologist who will examine a healed wound. If everything is in order, then the specialist will give several recommendations for the care of the skin of the legs and talk about the prevention of papillomavirus.
In the cosmetology salon they can offer the client an additional procedure for grinding the skin around the exposure area. This will bring the foot in good shape and make the hole from the wart completely invisible.
The most popular method of removing any type of wart was cryodestruction – treatment of the growth with liquid nitrogen, which received a lot of positive reviews. During the operation, the neoplasm is exposed to low temperatures, after which it disappears.
In the case of plantar wart removal, cryodestruction is less effective and safe, unlike other methods. The reason for this was the inability to control the depth of penetration of cold into the skin. In view of this, when treating the growth, there is a risk of freezing healthy tissues and it is likely that the wart on the sole of the leg will be removed by half, and its root will remain in place. However, despite this drawback, cryodestruction is suitable for getting rid of newly formed single or group growths.
Freezing with liquid nitrogen has some contraindications:
- high body temperature;
- the presence of any infectious or contagious diseases;
- disturbances in the work of the cardiovascular system;
- pustular skin inflammation in the area of the operation.
Radio wave surgery
The radio wave technique is based on applying a radio wave to the growth, after which evaporation of the liquid inside the epithelial cells occurs. Further, the wart is divided into several parts and is removed without problems from the sole. In contrast to cryodestruction, healthy skin is not damaged when disposed of by radio wave surgery.
The duration of the procedure is only a few minutes. Next, the wound is treated with a disinfecting liquid, and the patient can go home. The most important thing is to follow the recommendations for the postoperative period:
- foot hygiene;
- treatment of the wound with alcohol or peroxide;
- purchase of comfortable shoes.
Despite all the advantages, radio wave surgery is contraindicated:
- people suffering from allergic reactions;
- with herpes;
- with hypercrisis;
- in case of acute respiratory viral infections or influenza.
Treatment of plantar warts with drugs
Drug treatment of plantar warts is effective at the initial stage of development of the growth and with a neglected form will not bring the desired result. Basically, doctors prescribe the use of local drugs:
- Salicylic acid;
- Oxolinic ointment;
- Camphor alcohol;
- Solcoderm ointment.
Together with them, the patient is selected a course of taking antiviral tablets, which help to combat the root cause of the appearance of growths – papillomavirus. These include:
- Allokin Alpha;
- Isoprinosine (an analog of Groprinosin);
Strengthen the effectiveness of treatment with the help of drugs aimed at stimulating the immune system:
"Grandmother" recipes always help out in the treatment of various diseases and plantar warts were no exception. The most popular ways of alternative medicine was the use of:
- vinegar essence;
- dandelion juice or milkweed.
To remove the neoplasm with the help of celandine, it is necessary to lubricate the growth with its juice daily. After 2-3 weeks of regular use of the medicinal plant, the plantar wart will begin to pass. The only condition for successful treatment is daily application of celandine juice to the foot for at least 12 hours.
A dandelion and euphorbia have a similar effect. Their juice will also help to quickly get rid of outgrowths on the sole and have a mild antiviral effect on the skin. However, this method will be effective only if small tumors are treated, and it will not work to get rid of large keratinized growths.
Another effective recipe was mixing vinegar essence and glycerin. A mixture of these components must be applied to the problem area every day before bedtime. At night, you need to wrap the foot with a bandage. This is required so that the drug is not smeared.
You can also grind a few cloves of garlic and add 1 tablespoon of vinegar essence to the resulting slurry. Next, the ingredients are mixed, and the finished mixture is wrapped in 2 layers of gauze. The dressing with the medicine should be applied at night to the plantar wart and fixed with a medical adhesive plaster. Treatment continues until complete relief from the growth.
A good effect from the use of traditional medicine can be achieved if supplemented with medications, for example, treat a tumor with salicylic ointment. It is also advisable to take vitamin complexes and antiviral drugs. Comprehensive treatment will quickly get rid of the growth forever and prevent a relapse of the disease.
Elimination of plantar growths during pregnancy
During pregnancy, a woman is contraindicated in the use of many drugs and traditional medicine methods. This is especially true for salicylic acid, undiluted acetic essence and celandine.
In this case, treatment is selected only by a dermatologist, taking into account the characteristics of the body and on the basis of how the pregnancy proceeds. The independent use of any methods of eliminating papillomavirus is fraught with health problems and disruption of the formation of internal organs in the fetus.
If warty growths on the leg cause inconvenience when walking and it is impossible to endure until the end of pregnancy, then a woman is prescribed laser destruction or electrocoagulation. These methods are completely safe for the expectant mother and her baby.
In the absence of preventive measures, even after a whole course of treatment, the papillomavirus can return with renewed vigor and, instead of one wart, several appear on the leg. Prevention of the disease will relieve relapse and allow the legs to look good. To do this, a person will need to follow a number of recommendations:
- wash your feet regularly;
- handle shoes with vinegar;
- wash socks;
- protect the skin of the feet from damage;
- once a week do soda baths for the feet;
- Do not wear someone else’s shoes;
- Shoe replaceable slippers or flip flops when visiting the pool and gyms.
It is also very important to constantly maintain your immunity with the help of vitamin complexes. This is necessary because a decrease in the protective functions of the body is the main cause of infection with papillomavirus.