The culprit of the appearance of many epidermal growths is papillomavirus. Neoplasms can be localized on any part of the body, as well as mucous tissues. Papilloma located in the ear is a benign growth, which in its structure and etiology is no different from neoplasms localized in other parts of the body.
The outer surface of the ear, ear canal, tragus, lobe – the growth can appear anywhere. Ear papilloma is characterized by slow growth and small size. Quite rarely, such a neoplasm reaches a diameter of 2 centimeters.
Papillomavirus infection routes
HPV can be infected by contact, during intercourse or at birth (the virus is transmitted from mother to child).
An infection can penetrate the ear through microtrauma. So at the time of a handshake with a sick person, an infection passes onto the skin of healthy people, the activity of which lasts about 3 hours (then it dies). If immediately after tactile contact you decide to scratch your ear, in the presence of skin lesions, the virus easily enters the ear canal or settles on external surfaces.
In addition, a person can become infected by swimming in the pool – if poorly sanitized water gets inside the ear, the infection will easily enter the epidermal tissue.
Self-infection often also occurs – never use one cotton swab to hygiene both ear canals.
A person may not know that an infection has occurred, the papilloma on the ear does not immediately grow – the incubation period stretches for several months or even years. A sign of papillomavirus (skin growth) can be detected as a result of a decrease in immunity – this is what becomes the impetus for the activation of the virus.
People with a strong immune system have been carriers of HPV all their lives without suspecting it. Their immunity is able to independently suppress viral attacks and prevent the formation of papillomas.
Varieties of growths
Papilloma behind the ear or directly in the ear canal is of several varieties. Most often, the following neoplasms are found:
- Ordinary warts are small benign growths (a little more than 2 mm), with a smooth surface. But if you do not carry out treatment, they grow to large sizes, become rough, rough. Such papillomas are prone to multiple seeding;
- Filamentous papillomas – at the initial stage, this is a yellowish spot, which grows over time, acquiring a conical shape. To the touch, a mature growth is quite dense, rough;
- Flat papillomas – this species affects young people. The growths are small, smooth, slightly protrude above the skin, have a flattened surface. Color varies from beige to brown tones.
In addition, there is a risk of malignancy of such growths – any injury or attempt to scratch the neoplasm can trigger the mechanism of degeneration of the papilloma into cancer. In addition, some types of HPV initially have a high degree of oncogenicity, so treatment should be carried out by a qualified dermatologist, oncologist, otolaryngologist or surgeon.
Therapy begins with the removal of neoplasms, most often they are treated with liquid nitrogen – cryodestruction. The growth freezes, the blood supply and nutrition stops, as a result of which it dies. During the procedure, a slight burning or tingling sensation is possible.
Electrocoagulation – a high-frequency current passes through the loop-electrode, which destroys the neoplasm. Manipulation is carried out under local anesthesia. After exposure, the treated area is covered with a crust. After a few days, the scab is rejected, exposing a healthy area of skin.
Radio-knife excision is an innovative procedure that allows you to remove even the smallest papillomas located deep in the ear canal. Painful sensations do not arise, there are no traces of exposure.
Laser destruction – a laser beam vaporizes the body of the growth, without affecting areas of healthy skin. The method is often used to remove papillomas in hard to reach places.
After the neoplasm has been removed, the doctor prescribes the use of antiviral, immunostimulating drugs, otherwise the risk of repeated growths increases, because it is important not only to get rid of the papilloma, but also to suppress viral activity.