For most people, such formations on the body as papillomas and warts are no different, since they are very similar in appearance. This can be explained by the fact that both warts and papillomas can be attributed to one of the most well-known manifestations of HPV (human papillomavirus). Nevertheless, there is still a difference between such growths.
Often people do not have a complete idea of what such neoplasms on the body are in essence. Some are frightened by their sudden occurrence. In some cases, these "unwanted guests" do not pose any danger, in others – if they occur, qualified medical assistance is necessary, because they can provoke the development of a serious pathology.
What are papillomas and warts?
HPV is one of the most oncogenic viruses. Warts and papillomas are growths that are benign in nature. Both ones and others can appear in completely different places and are often transmitted by contact.
Papillomas are elongated soft growths of a rounded shape, the diameter of which varies between 0.2-10 mm, having a wide leg as a base. Papilloma is distinguished by a soft-bodied or brownish tint. As a rule, such growths are localized in the axillary and inguinal regions, on the face and cervical zone. Papilloma should be feared because it can provoke the formation of a malignant tumor and lead to damage to internal organs.
Factors favorable to the appearance of papillomas are the poor state of the immune system, as well as:
- acute gastrointestinal tract pathologies;
- taking medications for a long time;
- exposure to frequent stresses.
The wart is also a benign growth, having a rounded shape with a diameter of 2-10 mm, a clear outline and a light gray or dark black shade. Favorite places for warts are open areas on the body that have injuries, such as hands, elbows, knees, and scalp.
Similarity and difference between papillomas and warts
It would be very incorrect to evaluate these neoplasms only by their appearance. Such growths cause not only discomfort, they affect the body from the inside.
If we are talking about the similarity of warts and papillomas, then in this case it is understood that:
- both neoplasms are the result of papillomavirus;
- both are very unaesthetic in appearance;
- both of them are transmitted in the same way;
- papillomas, like warts, occur with a weak immune system;
- You can get rid of them only after the cause is eliminated;
- to avoid their appearance will allow balanced nutrition and hygiene.
Now the question remains how to distinguish a mole from a papilloma. To begin with, it should be noted that the difference between them is much greater than the similarity, and it is much more serious. This applies to external signs, and to the internal influence on the human body.
The differences between these manifestations of papillomavirus are as follows:
- Externally, they vary in shape, diameter, structure and shade.
- Papilloma differs from the wart in that it forms in the skin folds, where the humidity is higher, while the wart prefers hands and soles;
- A feature of warts is that they can appear at the most unexpected moment and then suddenly disappear.
- Unlike warts, papillomas are unlikely to ever disappear by themselves. However, they tend to appear in the most uncomfortable places, as a result of which they are very often injured and require medical intervention.
- As for warts, they are completely harmless, can decrease or increase in size, and this is considered absolutely normal, although if they increase, they require immediate medical attention.
- Unlike warts, the second type of growths does not have clear boundaries and is endowed with a rough surface.
- Papillomas differ from warts by treatment methods: therapy of the latter can be very effective at home, for which you can resort to medications or traditional medicine. Perhaps this is one of their advantages. Papillomas require removal. The removal method can be both laser and using high-frequency electric current, surgical intervention, and by freezing with nitrogen.
Now you know the difference between these types of growths.
The need for treatment of neoplasms
If existing warts and papillomas do not cause any inconvenience, then this is not a guarantee that new ones will not appear on the body. This is due to the fact that the human papillomavirus, which provoked their appearance, can be activated again and lead to the appearance of new growths on the body.
In medicine, there are the following indications for the removal of such formations:
- High probability of degeneration into a malignant tumor.
- Localization in the area where the neoplasm is constantly exposed to injury.
- The onset of the inflammatory process of the tumor.
- Cosmetic removal at will of the patient.
There are contraindications for removal:
- infection of the skin with bacteria, fungi and viruses;
- exacerbation of chronic diseases.
Specialists identify specific and non-specific methods of prophylaxis against the virus. The first is vaccination. The second ones recommend observing the following rules:
- Exception of casual sexual relations.
- Use only personal hygiene items.
- Condom use during sexual intercourse.
Often people do not manage to determine by eye the affiliation of the appeared growth to one or another type of neoplasm. In this case, it would be better to consult a doctor who can accurately determine the pathology, as well as the presence of indications for the removal of neoplasms.