Condylomas are the most unpleasant manifestation of papillomavirus, localized in the genital area, on the cervix, and also on the walls of the vagina. They cause pain during sexual intercourse, and can also cause the development of oncology, so they must be immediately removed in any way possible. However, getting rid of genital warts is half the battle. After this, a long recovery period will follow, during which a number of recommendations and preventive measures will be required.
How are condylomas removed?
To get rid of genital warts, there are several popular methods:
- Chemotherapy (elimination of growths with drugs containing poisonous necrotizing components);
- Cosmetology procedures (laser neoplasm excision, electrocoagulation, radio wave destruction, etc.);
- Surgical intervention (excision of genital warts with a scalpel).
Often, doctors prescribe chemotherapy for patients in which condylomas are treated with a toxic solution. Under the influence of chemical compounds, they die off, leaving behind a small scar.
In especially neglected cases, one cannot do without the help of professionals and therefore tumors can only be removed surgically or using one of the cosmetic operations.
The consequences of the removal of growths
After cauterization of genital warts, unpleasant consequences may appear:
- Pain in the genital area when walking;
- Discomfort during urination;
- Pain during bowel movements (when removing anal warts);
- Burning inside the vagina;
- The wound may bleed;
- Transparent highlight.
The last item is normal and usually disappears within a few weeks from the time a cosmetic surgery is performed or chemotherapy is used.
If pus is added to the discharge, or they change their color to brown or yellow, then it is urgent to visit a doctor, as this is a signal of complications. Serious health problems can occur without proper attention.
How long does rehabilitation take?
After removal of the condyloma, the patient must undergo a mandatory rehabilitation course. During this time, damaged tissue will recover, inflammation will disappear, and postoperative wounds will slowly heal.
In the absence of complications, the rehabilitation period is from one week to 30 days. Its duration is affected by the type of procedure that was chosen to get rid of genital warts:
- Cryotherapy – from 7 days to two weeks;
- Radio wave destruction – 8-10 days;
- Electrocoagulation – 2 weeks;
- Chemotherapy – 1-2 weeks;
- Laser destruction – 10-15 days;
- Excision with genital warts with a scalpel – from two weeks to one month.
Each of these methods differs from each other not only in the length of the rehabilitation course, but also in the list of shortcomings. For example, after chemotherapy, scars remain at the site of the condyloma, and when the growth is removed with liquid nitrogen, there is a high probability of relapse.
Postoperative Treatment Procedures
During the entire recovery period, as well as after its completion, a person should not stop medical treatment of papillomavirus, as this is the only guarantee that the infection will no longer manifest.
The basis of postoperative therapy for HPV is the regular intake of immunomodulating drugs, which will strengthen the protective functions of the body and reduce the chance of a return of pathology. Along with the use of immunomodulators, it is necessary to observe preventive measures, as well as start taking vitamin-mineral complexes.
While the tablets will suppress the infection within the body, the site of removal of the condyloma should be treated with topical antiviral drugs. These include:
These anti-wart remedies will stimulate local immunity, accelerate wound healing after removal of growths and destroy the viral cells that remain in the structure of tissues.
After removal, can I use antiseptics?
Not all antiseptics are allowed for the treatment of damaged genital mucous membranes and therefore it is forbidden to use for disinfection of a postoperative wound:
- Alcohol-containing liquids;
- A solution of brilliant green;
- Hydrogen peroxide.
You can replace them with two safe drugs, which have a lot of positive reviews from gynecologists and dermatologists:
- Chlorhexedine (vaginal suppositories, spray, liquid);
- Baneocin (ointment).
Genital care is the key to health
Intimate hygiene is a rather sensitive topic that many try not to touch upon. However, ignoring it, especially during the recovery period after removal of genital warts, can turn into a big trouble for a person.
- For washing, you can not use ordinary soap. Instead, you need to take special solutions for intimate hygiene, which do not include components that promote the growth of gram-positive lactic acid bacteria and violate the acidity of the vaginal environment. Before washing, wash your hands with antibacterial soap. The procedure is carried out several times a day.
- Use a separate, clean towel to wipe the genitals after washing.
- The area around the anus is also necessary to wash. In this case, you can use soap. Gels for intimate hygiene are not suitable, as they do not provide sufficient disinfection in this area.
- Rinse off detergent from front to back. This will prevent infection from entering the vagina from the anus. The same goes for wiping the anus with toilet paper after a bowel movement.
Other intimate hygiene guidelines include the following:
- During the rehabilitation period, it is not advisable to use tampons, but if there is a need for them, for example, during menstruation, then they should be changed every 2 hours;
- If a woman is bothered by transparent alternate discharge after removal of genital warts, then you can use pads;
- Douching during wound healing on the mucous membranes is not recommended (it is, in principle, not a useful procedure even in the absence of health problems, as it violates the vaginal microflora).
Why is it important to observe the rules of intimate hygiene?
The mucous membranes of the genital organs are damaged after removal of genital warts, which opens up access to various bacteria and viruses inside the body. Often, disregarding the rules for caring for the genitals of a woman, a postoperative wound can fester, candidiasis, vaginitis, bartholinitis and others develop. All these diseases require long-term treatment, therefore it is easier to monitor the purity of the genitals than to get rid of the consequences of their negligence.
Intimate life and rehabilitation
To exclude complications after removing genital warts, it is necessary to completely abandon sexual intercourse for the entire period of rehabilitation. This is due to the fact that scars remain on the site of removal of growths, which should not be exposed to any effects.
A postoperative scab can easily be damaged, which will provoke an opening of the wound and infection inside it. The consequences of this can be unpredictable – from the formation of ulcers on the mucous membrane to the development of serious diseases of the genitourinary system.
In addition, some of the local drugs cause the appearance of erythema – inflammation of the tissues inside the vagina. This is a normal occurrence, but it becomes a cause of pain during intercourse.
After the mucous membranes are completely restored, doctors recommend the use of barrier methods of contraception, which will prevent the infection from recurring. This is especially true for people who are used to frequently changing sexual partners.
Sometimes after the wound is completely tightened, a person may continue to experience pain in the process of intercourse. This is not a contraindication to making love, but doctors nevertheless advise to abandon sex until the disappearance of any unpleasant sensations. Usually this will require another 2-3 months to wait.
Pregnancy after removal of genital warts
Papillomavirus infection does not affect the bearing of the fetus, therefore, removal of genital warts does not require adjustments to the pregnancy planning process.
Due to the fact that after getting rid of the growths there are wounds that require time for complete healing, a woman needs to stop conducting sexual activity for a short time. Accordingly, attempts to get pregnant are also postponed for the entire period of the recovery period.
After the doctor is sure that all damage to the mucous membranes is left behind, the patient can become pregnant and have a baby without fear. However, the doctor should be warned about his plans, since he is obliged to prescribe a drug course of therapy for papillomavirus. For a woman about to conceive a baby, not all medicines are equally safe. Therefore, the doctor must choose the necessary drugs that will not harm the fetus and the expectant mother.
Cauterization of genital warts does not solve the problem with papillomavirus, which is located inside the body. Cosmetic surgery or chemotherapy is just a way to get rid of the external symptoms of the disease and therefore these measures should be supplemented by a course of taking antiviral tablets, as well as the use of topical drugs.
However, no treatment will bring a positive result if a person neglects the prevention of HPV. In this case, it is very important to take care of your health and to reconsider your lifestyle. To do this, you will need to follow these recommendations:
- The daily diet should include fresh vegetables or fruits;
- It is necessary to abandon the use of alcohol and cigarettes or reduce their dose to the limit;
- Morning exercises will not only invigorate, but will also strengthen the protective functions of the body, which will protect the person from the recurrence of papillomavirus and other various diseases.