A drug called Lamisil effectively destroys mycosis at different stages of development. The first results of its use are noticeable already on the 3-4th day of therapy. In addition, the medicine can relieve many varieties of the fungus, including onychomycosis (infection of the nail plate). It does not contain dangerous or toxic components, but before starting treatment with it, you need to carefully read the instructions.
Features of Lamisil
The drug is produced by a Swiss pharmaceutical company in several dosage forms:
- liquid solution in a spray bottle;
All of them, except tablets, are applied externally. The choice of the type of drug for local use depends on the personal preferences of the patient, since any of them equally effectively copes with the fungus.
Tablets are prescribed for advanced mycosis of the skin and nails as an adjunct to topical preparations. They produce in packs of 7 and 14 pieces, convex on both sides, with a notch in the middle. The color of the shell is milky, light yellow.
The ointment is packaged in tubes of 15, 30 g. The medicine is white in color with an unexpressed smell.
The spray has a liquid transparent structure. The product is bottled with a spray bottle. The volume of the bottles is 15, 30 ml. The dispenser has a convenient tip, which is easy to direct a stream of solution to the site of infection.
Varnish is used only for the treatment of nail plates. A brush for applying the product is attached to the lid of the bottle.
The emulsion is a 1% solution of terbinafine. This is a translucent lotion packaged in 30 ml plastic bottles. Designed for treating skin, hair, nails. The name of this form of medication is Lamisil UNO.
The high effectiveness of the drug is due to the presence of terbinafine in it, which is the main active ingredient. This is an antimycotic of the synthetic origin of the allylamine series. It kills most strains of the fungus:
Depending on the form of release of the product, various auxiliary components are included. Magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, sodium salt of carboxymethyl starch ether are present in the tablet preparation.
The liquid solution contains distilled water, ethyl alcohol, cetostearyl ether macrogol. The composition of creamy products includes:
- stearyl, cetyl alcohol;
- sodium oxide;
- emulsifier tween-60;
Action on the body
Terbinafine destroys the cellular structure of harmful microorganisms, blocks the formation of enzymes inside the fungal membrane, which leads to its death. The main component of the drug destroys the following types of pathogens of mycoses:
When administered orally, the drug exhibits a fungicidal effect. This means that the fungus completely dies in both soft tissues and blood. When applied locally, Lamisil kills the mycelium of the fungus or inhibits its activity, after which it stops the replication of spores (depending on the type of pathogen).
After oral administration, the active substance is absorbed into the blood and concentrated in plasma after 90 minutes. With regular use of terbinafine, hydrochloride accumulates in the body at the doses necessary for the drug effect. Eating does not affect its penetration into tissues and body fluids. Therefore, tablets are drunk without reference to the diet.
When applying creamy and liquid products to the skin surface, the active substance immediately enters the epidermis. Terbinafine is almost completely concentrated in the upper layers of the dermis. When treating the nail plate, 99% of the antimycotic penetrates deep into the stratum corneum. When applied to the scalp, the substance accumulates in the hair follicles. The decay products of the active component of the drug are excreted through the kidneys.
The doctor prescribes taking the tablets in the following cases:
- fungal lesions of the feet, toenails;
- mycosis of the skin in the middle and severe stages;
- fungal infection of the surface of the head;
- mucosal candidiasis.
Liquid drugs and ointment are mainly used at the initial stage of the disease, and with a complex course of mycosis – as auxiliary. Also, these drugs are effective in preventive purposes against fungus, therapy of dermatological pathologies provoked by dermatophytes and mold strains of pathogens.
Lamisil should not be taken by persons with hypersensitivity to the composition of the drug. A relative limitation to the use of the drug is liver and kidney disease. Caution should be used in patients with impaired functioning of the circulatory system. For women during the period of gestation, it is not recommended to use funds based on terbinafine. The doctor prescribes the drug only if the benefit of the treatment is higher than the possible harm to the child.
Unwanted reactions of the body taking the drug are rare. Patient reviews indicate that the drug was tolerated by them normally. Sometimes observed:
- headaches, muscle aches, dizziness;
- nausea, stomach discomfort, upset intestines;
- loss of appetite, taste functions;
- anaphylactic shock.
When using local preparations, allergic reactions are possible – itching, burning, urticaria, swelling, redness of the tissues. In most cases, the described symptoms are mild and disappear on their own after the end of the course of treatment.
How to apply Lamisil for nail and skin fungus
Often, the dosage of the active component is indicated by the doctor when prescribing the drug. He also determines the duration of therapy. But if a person decided to independently choose a treatment regimen, then he should use the information specified in the instructions for use of Lamisil.
Patients over 12 years of age should take 250 mg of oral medication once a day (one capsule). Children up to the specified age are given half a tablet if their weight is at least 20 kg. With a body weight that is less than this figure, the child receives a quarter of it.
The course of treatment for mycosis of the skin is 14-28 days. If the feet or toes are affected, including the nail plates, the treatment lasts up to two to three months.
The liquid is sprayed onto the focus of mycosis 1-2 times a day. At the same time, the skin around it is also treated. It is necessary to ensure that the product moisturizes the surface of infected tissues well.
With onychomycosis and interdigital fungus of the feet, the entire foot is sprayed. Before using the drug, infected areas are cleaned of dead epidermal flakes and exfoliated keratin.
Symptoms of the disease usually subside 3-5 days after the start of treatment. With irregular use of the drug, the therapeutic effect will be lower or the disease will soon appear again.
Ointment, lotion (emulsion) and varnish
The product is rubbed into the affected areas and nearby areas. The procedure is performed at night or in the morning and evening. Before applying the drug, it is necessary to clean the steamed skin with pumice, and treat the nails with manicure accessories. This will accelerate the penetration of drugs into their structure. Treatment continues until the symptoms of the fungus completely disappear.
To heal the cracked epidermis on the hands or feet, as well as an ointment, the lotion is applied twice a day. The duration of use of drugs is 10-14 days.
The varnish is smeared on the nails 2 times a week with an interval of 3 days. Previously, the plates are trimmed, polished and cleaned of the decorative coating. The duration of treatment is from 4 to 12 weeks.
Prices and analogues
The cost of the drug depends on its form of release. The most expensive are pills. This is due to the higher content of active substance. You will have to pay 2000-2300 rubles for packaging.
Spray, ointment, lotion are cheaper – their prices range from 500 rubles to 900. The varnish is a little more expensive, it can be bought for 1000 rubles and above.
If the pharmacy does not have Lamisil in one form or another, it is allowed to choose a substitute for the drug with a similar effect. Tablets with the same properties:
These oral agents are made on the basis of terbinafine or its synonyms. You need to use them as directed by your doctor, as the dosage and regimen may vary. It is also necessary to find out what contraindications the selected drug has.
Analogs of Lamisil local application:
The listed drugs are available in the form of creams and ointments. The use pattern is the same as that of Lamisil. The duration of treatment and special instructions are described in the instructions for them.
Lamisil spray can be replaced with such drugs of the same dosage form:
Lacquer, Fungineil, Mikozan and Batrafen are among the varnish substitutes.
Elena, 32 years old.
I have a positive attitude to Lamisil cream. This is a good drug, modern, there is a result from its use. I treated them with a fungal infection of the toes. Symptoms disappeared after 2-3 days. My feet stopped itching, redness went away. I smeared it for a week, and after the skin recovered, the cream was removed in the first-aid kit.
Then my mom got a toenail fungus. I gave the medicine to her. Mom was treated for two weeks, but no result. I had to go to the doctor to write out something stronger. Apparently, the cream does not help from all types of mycosis, but only from some.
Svetlana, 35 years old.
Lamisil Spray is an imported product that has helped me from skin fungus on my legs. It is simple to apply: the solution is sprayed onto the feet and fingers once a day, preferably at night. It is very convenient, do not smear for a long time and wait until the ointment dries. After a couple of days, the skin stopped itching, redness passed. After 10 days, the fungus disappeared completely. I bought a spray for 550 rubles, which is much cheaper than other antimycotics.
Artem, 30 years old.
I have to walk a lot in rubber shoes, this is what my profession requires. Feet sweat, wet all the time. I change socks every day, but still the same situation. As a result, he picked up a foot fungus, which is no wonder for such a lifestyle. At first I did not go to the hospital for a long time, I hoped that it would pass by itself. Then it became very painful to walk, the feet cracked, covered with a white coating.
I tried to treat in folk ways – it did not help. I looked on the Internet than people are saved. I found Lamisil tablets, which are prescribed for nail and skin fungus, reviews and price suited me. I drank the course – 7 days. Additionally, I took an inexpensive exoderil gel. The problem was solved very quickly.