Condylomas, papillomas, warts – all these growths are the result of the activity of papillomavirus infection. The virus penetrates through any microtrauma on the skin or mucous membranes, takes root in the upper epithelial layers and begins to infect healthy cells, the result is their uncontrolled division, proliferation – this is how skin tumors appear. Some serotypes of the virus (totaling more than 100 types) are initially carcinogenic, while others do not pose a potential threat to human health. Avoid malignancy and cure HPV can only be done by contacting a doctor who, after testing, will prescribe adequate therapy.
Therapies for HPV
Both women and men are equally susceptible to infection, however, with respect to the female half of humanity, the risk of conversion of papillomas to cancer increases.
In order to get rid of the manifestations of papillomavirus, you need, firstly, to turn to a grabber, and secondly to undergo the prescribed course of therapy. Usually the treatment regimen is as follows:
- Removal of neoplasms is carried out by electrocoagulation, laser or radio wave destruction, cryotherapy;
- Prescribe medications – these are antiviral, immunostimulating drugs (tablets, ointments, suppositories or injections);
- The use of vitamin complexes to maintain immunity.
However, are these measures enough to cure the human papillomavirus forever, or is it still impossible to cure it completely?
Can HPV be completely cured?
HPV can be infected by contact or by sexual contact, but this does not mean that immediately after infection you will have characteristic growths – it all depends on the functioning of the human immune system.
So, it is possible to recover from papillomavirus forever only at a young age (up to 25 years) – a complete cure was recorded in 80% of diagnosed cases. Immunocorrect therapy, mechanical removal of growths and strong immunity – together enough to cope with a viral attack – elimination occurs, that is, the body is completely cleansed of HPV.
At an older age, it is impossible to completely cure an ailment, because immunity is no longer so strong. Penetrating through the epithelial layer, the virus takes root and remains there, in "sleep" mode. Such a latent course of the disease lasts until the immune system is able to suppress the virus, but as soon as it fails, HPV will activate – growths will appear (on the skin or mucous membranes).
HPV is an immunodependent virus and, unfortunately, there is still no medicine capable of eradicating it, it all depends on the individual characteristics of the human body – the stronger the immune system, the more chances to overcome the infection.
Despite the fact that after 30 years, the papillomavirus can not be completely cured, therapy is still necessary. A set of measures is aimed at suppressing HPV activity, eliminating symptomatic manifestations and stimulating the immune system.
After the type of pathogen has been established, the doctor proceeds to treatment and begins by carrying out the removal (destruction) of pathological neoplasms. There are several ways to get rid of growths:
- Electrocoagulation – papilloma is burned out by high-frequency current. The painful procedure requires anesthesia. In one session, you can remove several dozen neoplasms;
- Laser surgery – Today, this method is preferred. The growths are removed painlessly, the laser beam does not injure the surrounding tissue, removal is possible on any part of the body;
- Radio wave method – the procedure is non-contact, performed under anesthesia. The influence of radio waves is selective – they cut off only pathological tissues, without affecting healthy skin. No blood loss, infection, scarring;
- Cryotherapy – frost growth. Use liquid nitrogen, which is used to treat the neoplasm, after which it dies. The downside is that it is difficult for a doctor to control the depth of exposure, so damage to healthy tissues is possible.
Classical removal (using a scalpel) is used in emergency cases – with the malignant nature of the neoplasm or a large scale of the lesion.
In addition to hardware methods, chemicals can be used to burn papillomas. Such drugs are sold in a pharmacy without a prescription, so people often resort to self-removal of neoplasms.
How to deal with growths yourself
If there is no contraindication, you can remove the papilloma at home using medications of necrotizing or freezing effect:
- Verrucacid is a modern analogue of Fezerol. Apply only over the growth, if the product gets on healthy skin, it will cause a burn. Treatment of small papillomas is carried out once, but if the growth is large, hard it is necessary to repeat the procedure 2-4 times (intervals between applications for several minutes). A crust appears on the site of the pathological growth, which disappears after 2 weeks;
- Solcoderm – they treat only the surface of the neoplasm, for ease of application, the drug is equipped with a special applicator. After the procedure, the papilloma must change color, if this does not happen, the processing is repeated (until the appearance of characteristic modifications). Then, over the course of several days, the place of exposure is recommended to be lubricated with ethanol. Complete healing occurs in 10-14 days;
- Cryopharma – used to freeze tumors. The applicator is applied to the growth, pressed and held for no more than 40 seconds. Then, over the course of 2 weeks, the scab dies.
There are a lot of drugs with a similar effect, decide which one to use together with your doctor.
The removal of the growth is just symptomatic therapy, along with it it is necessary to use antiviral drugs and immunostimulants that will help suppress the activity of the virus, thereby preventing the re-growth of papillomas.
Antiviral, immunostimulating therapy
Medicines to suppress HPV can be used in various forms (depending on the location and neglect of the disease). The most effective are systemic drugs – tablets, injections:
- Isoprinosine – medicinal tablets that suppress the activity of the virus and stimulate the production of its own interferon. The usual scheme is 2 tablets per day, a course of 2 weeks;
- Cycloferon is usually used for injection, but the drug is also released in tablets. It activates the production of interferon (that is, increases the body's immune forces), and also has an antiviral effect. A course of 10 injections every other day;
- Allokin-alpha is a medicine for injection. It inhibits the virus and boosts immunity. The drug is administered subcutaneously (1 injection every 2 days), a course of 6 injections.
Groprinosin, Famvir, Valtrex, Likopid, Alpizorin, as well as many other medicines are used in the treatment of HPV.
You can be treated not only with systemic medicines, but also with local action – these are ointments, suppositories, creams, which are used mainly for the treatment of vaginal mucous membranes.
- Candles (suppositories) – Laferobion, Kipferon, Galavit, Betadin, Genferon, others.
- Gels, creams – Viferon, Panavir, 3% Oxolinic ointment, Aldara, Malavit, Bonafton, others.
Despite the fact that HPV is not completely curable, after complex therapy you can permanently (maybe even forever) get rid of its negative manifestations. To maintain the effect of treatment as long as possible, it is necessary to monitor the state of the immune system – a balanced diet and course intake of vitamin complexes (Aevit, Alphabet, Complivit, others) will help to avoid relapse.