Papillomavirus is a contagious disease that affects the human body, regardless of gender and age. It combines more than a hundred different types of infection, some of which are completely safe for their carrier, while others are provocateurs of the development of malignant tumors. The strains numbered 6 and 11 were recognized as the most common representatives of this disease. They are diagnosed in almost 40% of HPV patients. They belong to the group of types of diseases with a low probability of transformation into oncology and require immediate treatment.
Features of the virus 6 and 11 genotype
HPV types 6 and 11 are types of human papillomavirus infection that cause the appearance of single or group growths (genital warts) on the genitals. Introducing into the DNA of healthy cells, they with a small chance can cause the degeneration of a benign neoplasm into cancer. To prevent this risk, the 6th and 11th human papillomavirus strains should be treated immediately.
According to medical statistics, men are most infected with these types of infections. However, they occur more often among the fair sex. The disease in a woman’s body develops very rapidly and in many cases causes cervical dysplasia – an unfavorable change in the cellular structure of the surface epithelial sphere (precancerous condition).
Early diagnosis of the disease can prevent the occurrence of serious health problems and take care of the suppression of HPV activity at the initial stage of its formation. In case of untimely appeal to a specialist, everything can be fatal.
HPV infection routes 6 and 11
Existing strains of papillomavirus infection can be transmitted in the following ways:
- contact household;
- vertical (from mother to child with fetal development);
- transmissible (with a bite of a blood-sucking insect);
In addition, there is a high probability of infection when performing procedures related to medical manipulations (drug injections, blood transfusion), as well as in case of accidental or deliberate injection with a used syringe.
The following factors can increase the likelihood of infection with any strain of papillomavirus, in particular HPV type 6:
- earlier sexual activity;
- the presence of acute sexually transmitted diseases;
- postoperative period;
- adequate intake of food rich in vitamins and minerals;
- the period of bearing a child;
- excessive addiction to alcoholic beverages;
- frequent abortions;
- non-observance of personal hygiene.
Diagnosis of the disease
It is unrealistic to establish the type of infection by visual inspection of the patient. This can only be done after the biomaterial is submitted for analysis. Diagnosis of the disease is performed in one of three ways:
- Cytological examination;
Each of these diagnostic measures allows you to detect all oncogenic and non-oncogenic types of papillomavirus that are in the patient's body. The difference between them is the accuracy of determining the level of concentration of viral cells. The best in this case is the Digene test. However, this diagnostic method is much more expensive than other methods for detecting HPV.
Papillomavirus cannot pass by itself. It requires a certain treatment, which, regardless of its type, is based on the use of antiviral and immunomodulating drugs. The course of treatment and medications are selected depending on the individual characteristics of the patient's body, as well as on the concentration of viral cells in the blood.
In parallel with the passage of drug therapy, the patient is prescribed hardware removal of growths. To do this, use:
- laser destruction;
- cryotherapy (in the presence of growths on the labia and near the anus);
- radio wave destruction.
In a particularly advanced case, the patient may be referred to the surgical department. There he remove the neoplasm with a scalpel. The operation is performed under general anesthesia or local anesthesia, depending on medical parameters.
In pregnant women, removal of growths is performed only when absolutely necessary. This is because any hardware treatment can be dangerous to the health of the unborn child and his mother. Often this procedure is performed after the birth of the baby.
If for any reason it is impossible to use surgical or hardware removal of neoplasms, then they are removed with chemotherapy. This technique involves the use of chemical solutions that destroy the structure of warts.
After suppressing the activity of the papillomavirus and getting rid of its external manifestations, a person should take care of strengthening the protective functions of the body. They will hold the infection in a latent state and prevent its re-awakening.
Strengthen the immune system will help special vitamin and mineral complexes. You can choose the right drug as you wish. Prior consultation with your doctor is not necessary in this case.
Vaccination – absolute protection against HPV types 11 and 6
To date, the 6th and 11th strain of the virus are the only types of disease from which the vaccine exists. With its help, it is possible to prevent infection with two oncogenic types of papillomavirus only if they are absent in the human body at the time of injection. Therefore, a vaccine product will not benefit those who are already infected.
Doctors recommend vaccination to all people under 16 years of age. Performing this procedure at an early age is necessary for several reasons:
- the infection is mainly transmitted through sexual contact, so you need to protect yourself before starting sexual activity;
- immunity obtained after vaccination before 16 years is much stronger than the immunity developed after injection at a later age.
In many developed countries, vaccination against type 6 and 11 papillomavirus is mandatory for all high school girls. Recently, Russia has also introduced a test program for free vaccination of women, but only a few citizens can use it, since there is not enough medicine for everyone. Those who managed to get on the lists of "lucky" must go through three stages of the procedure:
- the first dose of the drug is administered on the day of injection;
- the second dose is administered after two months;
- the third dose is administered six months later.
If any step was skipped, then there will be no result. The body will not receive the necessary norm of the drug and will remain susceptible to HPV. If you interrupt the course of vaccination, re-use of the free program will be impossible.