Papillomavirus infection of any strain always occurs due to a deterioration in the body's immune defense. Infection with HPV 58 (Human papillomavirus) leads to a change in epithelial tissue at the cell level. Infection is accompanied by the appearance of neoplasms, such as moles, papillomas, condylomas. The main danger of the 58th strain of the virus is its oncogenicity – the ability to provoke the transformation of epithelial cells into a malignant neoplasm. Such a process in medicine is called malignancy.
But do not panic. Timely seeking medical help, the appointment of effective therapy can inhibit the spread of HPV type 58. However, it is impossible to completely get rid of human papillomavirus.
The insidious HPV 58: what is its danger
The main problem in diagnosing and conducting timely therapy is the long incubation period of human papillomavirus infection. For example, the 58 HPV strain may not manifest itself for several decades after infection, but if the HPV 58 DNA attaches, the viral infection instantly appears on the genitals.
The virus spreads throughout the body along with biological fluids (blood, lymph). In the presence of microtrauma of the skin or mucous membranes, HPV is fixed, penetrates deep into the epithelial tissues, gradually increasing the area of its localization.
Women may develop dysplasia and cervical cancer. At risk are the age representatives of the weaker sex. In the menopause and postmenopausal period, the metabolic processes in the female body slow down, which becomes an impetus for the development of pathology leading to cancer and metastases.
The most dangerous is the appearance of genital warts on the internal organs, which are difficult to diagnose during a routine examination. In the absence of external signs of papillomavirus infection, attention should be paid to the symptoms, which indicate the transition of the disease to the acute phase:
- Violation of bowel movement, the presence of blood impregnations in the feces;
- Lack of appetite, nausea, vomiting;
- A slight increase in temperature (subfertile);
- Depressed state, fatigue, depression;
- Lowering blood pressure;
- Soreness during sexual intercourse (women may develop bloody discharge);
- Detection of small formations in the genital area or on the folds of the skin.
Causes of the disease
Infection with a strain of papillomavirus 58 occurs through contact-household or sexual contact. A prerequisite for transmission of the virus is contact with the skin or mucous membrane of an infected person.
However, such contact does not always lead to the development of the disease. Strong immune defense can cope with the threat.
Additional factors that increase the risk of contracting papillomavirus infection include:
- Lack of full sleep;
- Unhealthy diet;
- The presence of bad habits (long smoking history, alcohol abuse, drug or psychotropic drugs, overeating);
- Acute viral infections;
- Inflammatory process;
- Promiscuous sexual intercourse;
- Non-observance of hygiene rules when visiting the pool, shower, cosmetology season;
- Uncontrolled intake of oral hormonal contraceptives.
The first major symptom that indicates infection with HPV 58 is the detection of neoplasms on the body and in the genital area. Such growths in appearance are similar to vulgar warts. Usually this is a spherical formation on a leg with a rough surface.
Favorite location of growths are:
Features of the manifestation of HPV in women
In women, HPV 58 is diagnosed more often than in men. The oncogenic genotype of papillomavirus infection can occur after ten to fifteen years – during menopause and cause adenocarcinoma (cervical oncology).
Women of childbearing age are infected with papillomavirus. Diagnose the disease during an exacerbation, when specific growths occur in the vagina and anus. If the formations are located inside the vagina, they can be detected only with a gynecological examination. If HPV infection is suspected, the gynecologist issues referrals for clinical trials.
Symptoms in men
Male growths occur in areas of initial infection. With the spread of human papillomavirus infection, the area of rashes increases and can occur throughout the inguinal zone:
- Pubic part;
- The area around the anus;
The appearance of growths in the mouth and larynx is also possible.
Diagnostics and its stages
In most cases, in men, HPV type 58 is asymptomatic. The only sign of the spread of viral infection are neoplasms on the penis and around it.
After the initial examination, the urologist appoints the following tests:
- PCR (polymerase chain reaction) smear from the urogenital canal;
- Blood test for HPV.
When making a diagnosis in women, it will be necessary to go through a number of stages:
- Gynecological examination on a chair with a mirror;
- Analysis of PCR smear from the cervical canal;
- The purpose of the Digene test. For this study, you will need a scraping of the vaginal mucosa and a cytological analysis for the presence of oncogenic cells;
- Colposcopy – an in-depth gynecological examination using a koloskop (a special apparatus that allows you to examine in detail the mucous membrane of the vagina and cervical canal, thanks to a multiple increase);
- Histological analysis of epithelial tissues.
Treatment for 58 HPV strains
HPV type 58 is not a sentence. Timely diagnosis and complex therapy minimize the risk of malignancy of neoplasms. Treatment for papillomavirus includes:
- Getting rid of growths;
- Reception of immunomodulating agents;
- The appointment of multivitamin complexes;
The attending physician may suggest several methods for the removal of genital warts provoked by HPV 58:
- Chemical method: burning with medications, which include salicylic acid or cantharidin. For example, podophylline or podophyllox;
- Laser destruction – an innovative bloodless method with the ability to adjust the depth and power of exposure;
- Cryodestruction – freezing of genital warts with liquid nitrogen;
- Electrocoagulation – the impact on the growth of high-frequency electric current;
- Radio wave therapy – a point technique for removing tumors;
- Surgery is an obsolete traumatic method. It is used exclusively for suspected malignancy of genital warts.
Many patients, faced with a diagnosis of HPV 58, are wondering: how to live further and what to do? Of course, it is impossible to completely cure human papillomavirus infection, but timely full examination and complex therapy will help relieve the acute phase of the disease. In addition, according to medical statistics, oncogenicity of HPV type 58 is only 5%.
Implementation of the treatment regimen prescribed by the doctor, compliance with preventive measures can minimize the risk of recurrence of a viral infection and its malignancy. In order to reduce the likelihood of skipping the initial stage of the disease, you should maintain your immunity, prevent exacerbation of chronic diseases, undergo an annual preventive examination by a gynecologist (for women) and a urologist (for men).