The human papillomavirus, abbreviated as HPV or HPV, is an extensive group of pathogens that includes more than one hundred and seventy strains. They are classified according to various criteria, the main of which is the indicator of oncogenicity. Almost all strains belong to this parameter to a low, medium or high degree.
HPV type 52 is a pathogen group that is still considered controversial. Scientists still cannot agree on whether HPV 52 is classified as a medium or high oncogenic group. However, this issue does not affect how to live with a similar diagnosis, and how to treat it. The most important thing is to know the rules of therapy and prevention, as well as go through the diagnosis in time.
Type 52 human papillomavirus can infect anyone, regardless of gender or age. However, most often the disease is observed in women who are very close to the age of thirty-five years. This is due to the fact that around this time in the human body the natural processes of aging are started. Against their background, diseases are easier to develop.
In general, HPV can be observed in men, children, pregnant women and girls of reproductive age. In some cases, the patient does not suffer from any symptoms. It only becomes a carrier and spreads the strain. Most often, this occurs through sexual contact, but there are other transmission routes.
The influence of 52 type genotypes is usually noticeable in the perineum and genital area. As the strain progresses, disorders occur in the skin and mucous membranes. This often leads to cervical dysplasia and other serious complications.
Human papillomavirus infection is one of the most common worldwide. According to statistics, more than ninety percent of the world's inhabitants are infected. However, the disease itself is not dangerous. With the exception of unpleasant symptoms that can be stopped, the virus does not interfere with ordinary life.
Everything changes in the event that malignant tissue degeneration occurs, namely, a group of strains with high oncogenicity is characterized by a high probability of such an outcome. At the same time, it is very difficult to protect yourself from infection. This is due to the fact that:
- Contact contraceptives do not fully protect against the penetration of a pathogen, but only reduce this indicator;
- For infection, it is not necessary to contact directly with the genitals. Condylomas, the touch of which leads to the transmission of the strain, are often located around the genitals, as well as in the anus;
- In addition to sexual, there are other transmission routes, including contact-household, through saliva and blood;
- The probability of infection is especially high in public institutions, such as baths and pools.
Thus, for infection it is not necessary to have sexual contact at all, but most often the development of the disease is still associated with promiscuous sexual intercourse. According to statistics, more than seventy percent of women are affected by the pathogen only a couple of years after the start of sexual life.
Given the widespread spread of the disease, the logical question arises as to why condylomas and other symptoms of HPV are not present in almost every person. This is due to the fact that in a normal situation, the body is quite capable of withstanding the disease. It suppresses the activity of the virus, and therefore the incubation period can last for years.
The development of growths on the skin usually begins after the human immune system fails. This happens under the influence of a wide variety of factors, from simple stress to a serious illness. For example, to activate the activity of the virus in the body:
- Unprotected sex;
- Promiscuous sex life;
- Improper nutrition;
- Non-observance of personal hygiene;
- Adherence to bad habits;
- Lack of important nutritional components;
- Concomitant sexually transmitted diseases;
- Exacerbation of any chronic pathology;
- Infection with immunodeficiency virus;
- Mechanical damage to the skin.
In rare cases, infection, leading to the rapid onset of symptoms, occurs with medical intervention. However, one of the most common causes (after promiscuity) is hormonal disruption. In women, this is especially common. The hormonal background suffers against the background of the consumption of medications, as well as during menopause, pregnancy and childbirth.
The main manifestation of the human papilloma virus of any type are condylomas. They develop in various areas of the skin and mucous membranes. If a person is infected with HPV 52, then growths are most likely to appear on:
- The vulva;
- The cervix;
- The area around the anus.
The appearance of genital warts suggests that the virus began active reproduction in the body. Often, after some time, the symptoms disappear, which makes people think about the likelihood of an independent cure for the disease. In fact, it only says that the body’s immune system has returned to normal, and the body has managed to stop the manifestations of papillomavirus. It is completely impossible to recover from a pathogen.
The main problem is condylomas, which appear on the mucous membranes of the female genital organs. Unlike the penis, it is much more difficult to see growths in such an area. Sometimes their presence can be guessed by pain during intimacy. Some women complain of spotting and a burning sensation.
The fact that it is impossible to completely get rid of the human papillomavirus does not mean that the disease does not need to be treated at all. It is very important to regularly monitor your condition. Otherwise, a variety of complications may develop. First of all, against the background of progressive HPV type 52 in women, cervical dysplasia occurs.
If condylomas are located on the mucous membranes of the neck, then over time they will grow more and more. As new sites are captured, degeneration of benign formations into malignant ones will begin. This process often takes years, but women may end up with cervical cancer.
In men, colon and rectal cancer are considered the most common complications. This can also happen in women if they become infected during anal sex. In this case, papillomas develop on the walls of the intestine, where it is very difficult to notice them. The situation is aggravated even more if, after the appearance of growths, such sexual acts continue, leading to injury to the growths.
Diagnosis and treatment
Examination in the gynecological chair is one of the most important stages of diagnosis. It is necessary to regularly visit a doctor to identify the disease succeeded in the early stages. Type 52 DNA can be detected using a procedure called PCR. If a woman consulted a doctor, then a sample for examination from the cervix is taken from her. In addition to him, urine, blood, or, for example, sperm is sent for analysis.
Among other diagnostic methods, histological and cytological studies are used, as well as colposcopy. In some cases, the doctor directs the patient to more highly specialized procedures. If the decryption revealed a positive diagnosis, the specialist will decide what to do in a particular case.
Sometimes the patient just needs to turn to funds that improve the state of the immune system. Often, in addition to them, external and internal antiviral drugs are prescribed. If HPV type 52, that is, a high carcinogenic risk, does not pass under the influence of traditional therapy, the patient must be referred for removal of genital warts.
In addition to standard excision with a scalpel, there are a large number of modern operating techniques. Procedures such as laser removal or liquid nitrogen removal are minimally traumatic and painless. The most important thing after treatment is to monitor possible relapses and consult a doctor on time.