The human papilloma virus is characterized by a wide variety of strains. To date, they are already known for more than one hundred and seventy types. Papillomaviruses have several genera and about thirty species, representatives of which have their own distinctive features. HPV type 33 is a strain that almost equals the most common strains, 16 and 18.
All three of these options belong to the group with the so-called high oncogenicity. This means that after infection with such strains, there is a high probability of degeneration of gradually forming benign formations into malignant. Naturally, women and men are worried about what to do in such a situation, and how to live.
A positive diagnosis for HPV can be found in a huge number of people. According to statistics, the disease has already hit about ninety percent of humanity. This is due to two main factors: the pathogen spreads easily and cannot be completely cured.
HPV has different transmission paths. Some strains are freely distributed through household contacts, through household items, such as dishes and towels. However, with HPV 33 this is not entirely true. Cases of such infection are very rare, although possible. The transmission of this strain is almost always carried out sexually.
However, it cannot be said that the cause of the spread of the pathogen is exclusively unprotected sex. Virus cells can penetrate latex, although it significantly reduces this percentage. Moreover, for infection it is not necessary to contact the genitals of the patient. It is enough to touch the skin around them and the anal area.
Symptoms of the disease
HPV of any genotype leads to a key symptom of the disease – genital warts. However, the strain often affects the appearance of the neoplasm and its localization. Although any virus causes growths on the genitals, types with low oncogenicity are also characterized by their formation on the entire surface of the body, as well as the mucous membranes of the mouth.
As for HPV 33, the so-called Bowenoid papulosis develops against its background. The same is true for some other types with high oncogenicity, such as 16, 18 and 31. In such cases, women and men observe a rash on their genitals. Gradually, plaques develop, which are usually located under the skin.
They are painted in whitish, yellow or pink shades. Such a coloring, in combination with localization on the genitals, makes the neoplasms very inconspicuous. As a result, the disease is often neglected, which increases the likelihood of cancerous degeneration. Moreover, against the background of HPV 33, complications like erosion and cervical cancer develop.
Features of the course and consequences
The rate of onset and spread of symptoms depends on the state of the human immune system. If for some reason, such as stress and hormonal disruptions, she staggered, the onset of genital warts will begin. The same thing happens with strong immunity, if the contact with the pathogen is almost constant.
In the absence of treatment, developing condylomas often lead to cervical neoplasia in women. This condition is classified as precancerous, that is, it seriously increases the risk of cancer. The following degrees of development of pathology are distinguished:
- Weak Partial keratinization of the cervical epithelium is observed, which affects no more than one third of the depth. It is very difficult to identify the disease at this stage, but if this is done, it will be easy to cure the condition;
- Medium. Keratinization becomes pronounced, approximately half the depth of the epithelium is affected. Usually the activities of HPV 33 are noticed at this very moment;
- Heavy. At this stage, pathological changes are already observed at all levels, such as tissue and organ. Over two-thirds of the depth is affected.
Men are also not protected from the negative effects of the spread of 33 strains. For them, a common complication is cancer of the penis. Of particular danger is the fact that condylomas on the penis are easily damaged during sexual intercourse. Because of this, the division of pathogenic cells is even more active.
Usually people go to the doctor after condylomas begin to appear on the body. In the case of type 33, growths are usually observed in the area:
Men notice the occurrence of anogenital warts much easier. For women, this usually requires a visit to the gynecological chair. The next step in the diagnosis is the genotyping of the virus. Women and men take tissue samples, which are sent for further research.
Most often, it is enough to find out only a specific type of pathogen, but in some cases they pay attention to the quantitative aspect. The most common diagnostic method is PCR. During the test, laboratory assistants artificially increase the DNA of the virus through chemical reactions.
Even if no growths are observed on the genitals, it is possible to suspect something was wrong as a result of taking a smear for cytology. Such a study is carried out at almost every visit to the gynecologist, and therefore regular visits to the doctor will help to identify the disease at an early stage. Decryption will indicate the presence of pathological changes, after which the woman will be prescribed PCR.
How to cure the disease?
It is impossible to completely and permanently get rid of the human papillomavirus. To prevent cancerous degeneration of growths, it is necessary to stop symptoms regularly. To avoid relapse, you need to monitor the state of immunity. This includes the use of a number of drugs, as well as maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
If the body's defense systems suppress the activity of the virus, no treatment is required. If the body could not cope, and the formation of genital warts began, it is required to eliminate them. First, doctors prescribe external drugs, which are usually combined with antiviral drug therapy. Unfortunately, such methods of exposure do not always lead to the disappearance of warts.
Since type 33 implies a high probability of malignant degeneration, it is very important to eliminate condylomas in time. If drug therapy is ineffective, doctors prescribe removal procedures. The most common (and most obsolete) method is considered excision with a scalpel.
This procedure is characterized by pain, blood loss, a high probability of scars and relapses. There are more modern methods that are much easier to carry and more effective, but their cost is much higher. For example, condylomas are removed by laser or liquid nitrogen. There is also radio wave therapy.