Condylomas in the anus are a sign of infection with a papillomavirus infection, which is transmitted mainly through sexual contact. Growths can appear on the external genitalia, in the perianal region, causing a lot of inconvenience and discomfort to the patient. In appearance, warts resemble cockscombs, or cauliflower, so they are difficult to confuse with something else. Treatment of genital warts is carried out with the help of medications, solutions for cauterization, as well as using various methods to remove warts.
Signs and methods of treating genital warts
Genital warts in the anus are often confused with hemorrhoids, since these growths can also bleed, causing pain. Anal warts have a pale pink color and an elongated shape resembling a cockscomb or cauliflower. Condylomas appear in the form of single or multiple nodular formations, prone to fusion with each other. This disease is the cause of severe physical and psychological discomfort, since the formation of genital warts around the anus or in the lumen of the rectum complicates the natural processes of bowel movement, causes pain and becomes a source of infection due to trauma to warts.
An integrated approach to the treatment of this pathology is important, that is, condylomas must be removed without fail, and immunostimulating and antiviral therapy should be carried out in parallel.
Symptoms of Anal Warts
What genital warts formed in the perianal region look like can be seen in detail in the photo. During their active growth, a person usually feels the following:
- Severe itching, accompanied by burning and pain.
- Sensation of a foreign object at or directly in the anus.
- Permanent humidity in the genital area.
- Spotting with mucus during bowel movements.
- Unpleasant odor, especially when violating the integrity of genital warts.
Often, the inflammatory process is added to all this, due to the ingress of pathogenic microorganisms. In this case, the symptoms intensify, the pain becomes unbearable. In some patients, the temperature rises, the general condition worsens.
Therefore, if cones resembling condylomas got out in the anus, then you should not postpone the visit to the doctor to prevent complications.
For what reasons arise
Anal warts indicate that a person has caught the papilloma virus. The most common route of infection is through sexual contact, either traditional or anal or oral. In some cases, the genitals are first affected, after which genital warts grow to the anus.
The development of symptoms of the pathology under consideration is directly related to the state of the human immune system, which controls and suppresses the virus, does not allow it to intensify its activity. But when immunity weakens under the influence of various reasons, condylomas begin to appear on the skin and on the mucous membranes. That is, the main reason for the formation of warts is the weakness of the immune system, which is facilitated by the following factors:
- Chronic pathology.
- Frequent stresses.
- Frequent use of alcoholic beverages.
- Hormonal imbalance.
- Illegibility in intimate relationships.
In more rare cases, the virus is transmitted by contact-household means, through personal belongings, this is facilitated by microtrauma of the epidermis, various violations of the integrity of the skin.
How to remove
In order for genital warts to not cause the formation of a malignant tumor, you need to get rid of them with the help of doctors. First, the patient must undergo all the necessary diagnostic procedures, pass the appropriate tests, on the basis of which the doctor makes a diagnosis and prescribes the most appropriate treatment.
Almost all patients undergo surgery to remove anal growths. For this, the following methods are used:
- Laser Therapy
- The radio wave method using the Surgitron apparatus.
In more rare cases, the doctor operates with an ordinary surgical scalpel. Condylomas are always removed under local anesthesia, regardless of the method chosen.
The most popular way to remove warts is to influence the neoplasms with radio waves, since only the growth is removed, healthy tissues are not damaged, and bleeding is excluded during the operation. After such an operation, the shortest rehabilitation period is observed in comparison with other methods.
So that after removal of the condyloma they do not appear again, antiviral therapy in combination with immunomodulating is advisable. This is carried out using the following drugs for oral administration, as well as for application to the affected areas:
- Epigen spray heals wounds, eliminates unpleasant pain.
- Viferon gel or candles.
- Lycopid tablets.
- Genferon in the form of candles.
- Injections Immunomax.
- Allokin-alpha solution.
- Acyclovir tablets.
Also, condylomas at the anus can be eliminated by processing with special chemical compounds that burn pathological tissues. We are talking about such solutions as Solkovagin, Solkoderm, Ferezol, Podofillin. These are very powerful drugs, so it is not recommended to use them on your own, it is better to seek help from a doctor so as not to cause burns.
Timely treatment will help to avoid negative health effects.