Warts are a common name for benign neoplasms. Viral etymology. The cause of such growths on the skin is papillomavirus. Penetrating into the bloodstream, HPV is embedded in the DNA of epithelial cells, leading to their proliferation and the appearance of warts. In addition to the aesthetic problem, warts located in different areas of the skin can be constantly rubbed or squeezed, delivering pain to its “owner".
There are various ways to deal with unwanted neoplasms:
- Laser destruction;
- Radio wave removal;
- Surgical excision;
- The use of medications;
- Treatment with folk remedies.
The method of getting rid of the growth is chosen by a specialist, depending on their size, location, the presence of chronic diseases in the patient.
Skin recovery time after wart removal
Even the newest low-traumatic removal methods – laser destruction, radio wave exposure, cryodestruction – cause a small burn of the epithelium. Healing of damaged skin occurs in stages:
- The formation of a crust that protects the wound from infection;
- Epithelial regeneration under a scab (crust);
- The death of the crust, its passage, the formation of healthy skin.
At first, young skin at the site of a remote neoplasm differs in color and structure from the rest of the skin, but over time it passes.
It is necessary to treat the wound after removal correctly, in accordance with the recommendations of the attending physician. Neglect of postoperative care can cause complications: the wound will burn inflame, fester, the skin around it swells and becomes bright red. The duration of the regeneration process depends on:
- The size of the removed neoplasm. The larger the size, the longer the recovery period. On average, this process takes from several weeks to two months;
- Level of immune defense. The stronger the immunity, the faster the healing of the wound;
- Compliance with all medical recommendations. If damaged skin is not treated, the risk of secondary infection increases, the wound may fester, and the recovery process will take more than one month.
Postoperative Care Rules
After cauterization of the growth, the damaged area should be kept clean. This will help to avoid infection, the appearance of purulent discharge. The scab is not allowed to be wet, scratched, or exposed to prolonged heat or sunlight. Recommendations for treating healing skin will be given by the attending physician. An antiseptic and a vitamin complex are usually prescribed.
Wound care after burning a wart
At the place of the reduced formation, a recess remains, the size and depth of which depend on the size of the removed defect. During the day after the manipulation, swelling and redness of the tissues around the wound are observed. During cryodestruction, a blister may appear.
After cauterization, necrosis develops in the tissues of the wart, as a result of which a crust is formed within two to three weeks, consisting of lymph and clotted blood. The crust tightly closes the wound, preventing the entry of pathogens. A film formed from dried lymph and then a scab plays the role of a “natural bandage”. It is under it that a new healthy skin is formed. But in order for the crust to form, moisture must be avoided. Fresh air will help to dry the surface of the wound, on which the lymph first protrudes.
Premature exfoliation of the crust can be triggered by its overdrying or softening. Therefore, the wound must heal clean and dry. It is forbidden to wet the damaged area or treat it with oily cream, petroleum jelly or ointment. It is worth reducing the time spent in the open sun. Exposure to the crust of sunlight may cause it to dry out.
If infection could not be avoided, only a professional doctor should treat purulent wounds after cauterization. For this, the scab is treated with furatsillin, potassium permanganate or hydrogen peroxide. Then, the separating part is carefully lifted and cut off with a scalpel or surgical scissors, leaving the area of the scab that fits snugly on the wound.
If the regeneration process occurs without pathologies, a young pinkish epithelium is formed in place of the descended scab. After a couple of months, young skin will equal in color to the main epithelium.
Caring for young skin involves a number of limitations:
- It is forbidden to cleanse the skin with a scrub, wipe lotions on alcohol, apply steroid ointments;
- It is recommended to temporarily abandon aggressive household chemicals;
- Exclude pumice and washcloth during hygiene procedures;
- Refuse the razor until the skin is completely restored;
- Do not apply makeup;
- Going out to apply sunscreen with a factor of at least 30.
The correct behavior in the postoperative period will help to preserve not only the health, but also the beauty of your skin, protecting it from the appearance of burns and age spots.
The occurrence of complications after removal of the growth is associated with the wrong choice of the treatment method, an unsuccessful procedure, or non-compliance with the rules for caring for the wound.
The most common complication after the wart removal procedure is scarring of the epithelial tissues. The reason for the development of such a pathological process can be:
- Inexperience of the specialist who performed the manipulation;
- Genetic tendency to form colloidal scars;
- Violation of the rules for wound care in the postoperative period;
- Infection of the damaged area;
- Premature removal of the crust;
- Excision of large deep neoplasms.
The effect of the laser beam on the epithelium is similar to a burn from the sun. Therefore, the laser-treated area of the skin turns red. With increased individual sensitivity to solar radiation, after the procedure, swelling and redness of the skin around a remote neoplasm may occur. In especially severe cases, blisters are observed, which eventually scar and acquire a brown tint.
You can avoid such complications if you take care of the wound in accordance with the recommendations of your doctor. If, despite all your efforts, swelling and redness does not go away, do not self-medicate. Consult a specialist for advice.
The inflammatory process is accompanied by symptoms such as redness of the damaged area, pain and fever. Do not be scared. This is the reaction of the body to the manipulation. All symptoms should disappear within five days.
If these symptoms do not disappear for more than seven days, you should consult a doctor. Since a long inflammatory process can be a consequence of infection of the wound. You will need to treat the damaged area with an antiseptic or take a course of antibiotics.
Pain can be observed until the wound has completely healed. This is due to the patient's low pain threshold. If the pain is accompanied by purulent discharge, this indicates the development of a secondary infection. Contact the specialist who carried out the manipulation. He will treat the damaged skin with an antiseptic and, if necessary, suture. In addition, the doctor will prescribe an anesthetic drug to eliminate the pain syndrome.
Prevention of Complications
Most often, the patient himself provokes the development of complications. Neglect or improper care of damaged skin, peeling off the crust, the use of decorative cosmetics along with weakened immunity prevents the regeneration of the epithelium.
In rare cases, a secondary infection joins the non-healing wound, accompanied by pain and discharge of pus. To avoid adverse effects, strictly follow the care recommendations.
The list of medications is prescribed by the doctor, based on the individual characteristics of the patient. But it necessarily includes anti-inflammatory drugs and antiseptics.
To prevent the development of the inflammatory process at the site of a remote neoplasm, the wound should be treated with a solution of brilliant green, blue or potassium permanganate. When the scab disappears, young skin is lubricated twice a day with hydrocortisone ointment for a week.
Help in regeneration
To speed up the healing process, apply aqueous solutions of retinol and vitamin E. The cream, which contains hyaluronic acid, will help the skin restore elasticity, protect it from aggressive environments, and soften damaged tissues. Mild acid peeling helps remove dead epithelial cells without harming young skin.
In addition to external exposure, young skin needs to be nourished from the inside. Therefore, you can not do without taking complex products, which include vitamins, minerals and trace elements necessary for the regeneration of skin cells.
Choosing a specialized clinic to perform the procedure for removing warts, it is better to give preference to a trusted institution, with a good reputation and qualified specialists. This will be the key to a successful manipulation with a minimal risk of complications.