A wart is not just a skin defect – it is a benign growth of a viral origin. A papillomavirus infection provokes the appearance of neoplasms, which "sleeps" in the body of almost 80% of people. Hormonal malfunctions, immune imbalance, lack of hygiene, wearing tight low-quality shoes or direct contact with a sick person activate HPV, resulting in warts appear on the body.
People usually try to fight them on their own, but before removing the wart at home, you need to consult a doctor, since although not significant, there is a risk of malignancy of the growth (HPV has more than 100 strains and a third of them are cancer hazardous). In case of rebirth, the neoplasm will have to be cut surgically.
What types of growths exist
Treatment of warts at home should begin with the diagnosis and determination of the type of neoplasm.
The medical classification distinguishes such varieties:
- Vulgar warts or ordinary – have a dense structure with a rough surface. Size up to 5 mm, there is a tendency to grow. Usually around one growth (maternal), many daughter neoplasms gradually form. This skin defect is not dangerous for humans and often disappears on its own within 2-3 years;
- Plantar warts (tongs) – usually localized on the feet, less often on the palms. Such a growth has a root, penetrates into deep tissues, causing pain when walking;
- Youthful or flat warts – diameter up to 5 mm, the surface is smooth, most often affects the face, hands sometimes shin, do not require specific therapy, as they are prone to self-healing;
- Filamentous warts (acrochords) – small growths with a thin leg. Localization – armpits, face, neck, area under the chest. Elderly people are subject to the appearance of neoplasms;
- Genital warts – These are genital warts affecting the skin and mucous membranes of the genitals, anus. Formations are single and multiple, soft to the touch, the surface resembles cauliflower. The growths are prone to malignancy.
There is another species, the so-called senile warts, but their appearance is in no way associated with HPV – this is seborrheic keratosis, which affects older people.
A wart can be removed at home, but in some cases this should not be done.
Contraindications to home removal
Some HPV serotypes can trigger the growth of malignant neoplasms, so do not self-medicate if:
- The wart changed color;
- Its shape and structure has changed;
- There is an intensive growth of the growth;
- Soreness at rest or under pressure;
- The neoplasm has become very itchy;
- Lymphatic, bloody or purulent exudate is released from the wart.
If, after the diagnosis, there are no contraindications to self-treatment, funds purchased at the pharmacy or made with your own hands will help to quickly reduce the wart.
How to cure a wart
It will be easier and more correct to purchase a special tool at a pharmacy. Wart removal medications may have the following effects:
- Necrotizing, mummifying – in fact, such an aggressive agent burns out a neoplasm (Ferezol, Verrukatsid, Solkoderm, Superchistotel, Lapis pencil, others);
- Keratolytic – the agent softens and exfoliates layer-by-layer keratinous layers (Kollomak, salipod patch, Salicylic ointment, Bensalitin, others);
- Freezing – cryo-preparations for home use are akin to liquid nitrogen (Cryopharma, Wartner Cryo, Maxi Wart, others);
- Antiviral, immunostimulating – funds help in the fight against HPV, increase general and local immunity (Panavir, Viferon, Isoprinosine, Tebrofenova, Oxolinic ointment, others).
As part of such preparations, aggressive substances that, on contact with healthy skin, instantly cause a burn – be careful, apply the product locally (only on the surface of the wart). You can protect yourself by sticking the skin around the growth with a band-aid.
If you need to remove a large growth with a root (most often localized on the feet), you must first soften it. You can apply keratolytic ointment and glue the wart with a band-aid. After 3 hours, remove it, steam out the feet and remove the softened layers with pumice. If the ointment is not at hand, add hydrogen peroxide or soda to the foot bath, dip the legs for 20 minutes. Then remove the keratinized layer and carefully wipe the feet.
If the growth is small, it can be burned out without preliminary preparation – 2-4 point applications (depending on size) are enough, after which the wart darkens, dries and disappears on its own. Large plantar warts need to be cauterized up to 10 times, between each application an interval of 3-5 minutes.
The action of the drug is similar to Ferezol, however, the bottle is equipped with a special applicator, which makes it convenient to use. Warts up to 2 mm should be cauterized once. Growths up to 3 mm require 4 applications, between which there must be an interval for the preparation to dry. Large dense warts must first be softened (as described above), remove the horny layering, and then apply the product locally.
In case of contact with healthy skin, carefully remove the preparation with a swab (do not rub it) and treat the affected area with any alcohol-containing solution, then wash with soapy water.
This tool is equipped with a convenient applicator, which minimizes the risk of the substance entering healthy skin. Before application, the affected area is treated with ethanol, after which the drug is distributed over the entire surface of the warty area. After about 5 minutes, discoloration of the growths should occur (usually they turn yellow or turn gray). If there are no changes, the procedure is repeated.
Over the next few days, the wart darkens, dries and dies. You can enhance the effectiveness of Solcoderm by treating the place of exposure with ethanol (three times a day). The resulting crust does not peel off, it must be torn away on its own.
As a part of the preparation, caustic alkalis (sodium and potassium hydroxide) – cause chemical burns on contact with body parts. This property allows you to quickly remove the wart, literally in 3-5 days. Apply the drug 1 drop once a day. After the procedure, the process of necrosis takes place – the growth darkens, dries out and is rejected. With inaccurate use, at home, there is a high risk of scar formation, therefore Superchistotel is recommended for use in closed areas of the body (its effect on plantar warts is most justified).
This tool has not only cauterizing, but also a disinfecting effect. The preparation contains silver nitrate. Before use, the pencil should be moistened with water, and then the neoplasm should be treated – 1-2, sometimes 3 applications are needed per day (depending on the size of the wart). Thus, it is recommended to get rid of small, isolated growths – treatment of large areas can provoke scarring of tissues.
Warts can be removed with less aggressive means – for example, keratolytic drugs. They do not burn out, but in layers soften and exfoliate the growth. Before using them, it is also recommended to protect healthy areas of the skin by sticking a band-aid around the growth.
This tool not only eliminates the visible manifestations of HPV, but also fights the virus itself (keratolytic, antiviral drug for external use). If it is necessary to remove a large dry growth, first steam it up, then dry and treat the skin around with zinc ointment or seal it with a plaster. Then apply Collomac.
The growth is treated twice a day. The duration of home therapy should not exceed 1 week, and the maximum daily dosage of 10 ml of the drug.
As part of benzoic, salicylic acid, petroleum jelly. This keratolytic agent has an antiseptic effect. Thanks to the cumulative effect, it perfectly softens and removes the stratum corneum, without repeated relapses.
Apply the product to a previously steamed and dried wart, fix the patch on top, leave for 3-4 hours. To avoid injuries to healthy tissues, before using Bensalitin, lubricate the skin around with petroleum jelly or seal it with adhesive plaster. Control the duration of therapy yourself as you soften and eliminate the growth.
This is a keratolytic drug, the effect of which will help Tebrofen ointment (antiviral agent).
Apply as follows:
- On top of the softened and dried growth, salicylic ointment 3% is applied first;
- Leave it for 15-20 minutes (let it soak);
- Then treat the wart with Tebrofen ointment 3% and also wait for complete absorption.
Protect healthy skin before use. Use drugs at least twice a day.
The main active ingredient is salicylic acid. It is a keratolytic and antiseptic. It is applied simply – the growth is steamed, dried, and then a patch is glued on top of it. Leave it for 2-3 days. Then they remove, remove the softened layers and, if necessary, fix a new tool. The duration of therapy depends on individual indicators.
How to quickly get rid of growth with the use of freezing agents
Home-made analogues of cryodestruction (liquid nitrogen treatment) can be purchased at the pharmacy, for example, a freezing drug such as Maxi Wart, Cryopharma or Wartner Cryo.
The method of application is the same:
- Remove the protective cap;
- Point down the hole of the applicator and attach it to the wart;
- Press the bottle three times;
- Do not remove the applicator from the growth within 10 seconds after the release of cryo fluid.
Triple pressing provides deep freezing and effective removal of warts (manufacturers say so). After the procedure, redness of the skin, the formation of watery vesicles and slight soreness, which pass after a while, are possible. Growth rejection occurs about 10-14 days, with no traces left. In some cases, freezing warts causes lightening of the skin at the site of exposure, but this is a temporary phenomenon.
With multiple lesions, each element is treated with an interval of 2 weeks.
Reviews of people who removed warts at home with cryo-drugs vary. So 8 out of 10 respondents were not satisfied with the action of Maxi Wart. Things are slightly better with Cryopharma – 6 out of 10 people said that the remedy was inconclusive. Approximately the same results in the survey received Wartner Cryo.
However, it should be noted that those who were helped by home cryo-preparations removed small single growths with their help, but large plantar warts did not give in to freezing.
Quickly removing a wart does not mean overcoming the HPV activity, for this it is necessary to undergo a course of antiviral therapy with local or systemic drugs.
The appropriateness of the use of certain funds should be determined by the doctor. The following antiviral, immunostimulating drugs can be used:
- Gel Panavir – increases local immunity, has antiviral activity;
- Aldar Cream (Imiquimod) – stimulates the production of its own interferon;
- Oxolinic ointment and Ryodoxolum are antiviral agents for external use.
For internal use, tablets of Isoprinosine, Novirin, Groprinosin, Arbidol and other drugs can be used, but their appointment should be done by a doctor.
How to independently remove the growth using traditional medicine
- Powdered with chalk (you can take lime), sprinkle and rub the wart a little, fix with a gauze bandage on top and go to bed. Note that you can not wet the fabric. The duration of therapy is individual.
- Make a slurry of onion and vinegar (the consistency should not be very liquid). Fix an adhesive plaster around the growth, treat the surface of the wart with the resulting mixture and seal it with another plaster. So leave it all night. The number of procedures is at least three.
- Mix the ashes with vinegar until gruel. Apply the product up to 5 times a day, exclude contact with healthy skin.
- Remove the pulp from the leaves of the Kalanchoe and apply to the wart under the dressing. Perform manipulation before bedtime, at least 5 days in a row.
- Grate brown laundry soap and mix it in equal proportions with vinegar, boil until a porridge mixture is obtained. Apply the product overnight, fix it on top with polyethylene and a bandage.
Whatever method you choose for yourself before using it, be sure to consult your doctor.