The human papillomavirus is considered one of the most common on the planet. It affects one third of the total population. It causes various types of skin lesions, including condylomas. These neoplasms cause physical and psychological discomfort to patients. There are several methods of hardware getting rid of genital warts, as well as therapeutic treatment. But many are embarrassed to go to the doctor with this problem. However, condylomatosis can cause serious complications, which will be difficult to get rid of in the later stages.
How do they look
HPV (Human papillomavirus) refers to DNA viruses that infect mammals. It provokes the appearance of neoplasms on the skin, one of which is condyloma. They are of two types: broad (refers to the symptoms of secondary syphilis) and genital. The second type is more common, among all the manifestations of HPV, every one hundredth is ill with condylomatosis.
Manifestations of the disease are only 15% of carriers of the virus. Genital warts look like small warts on a narrow skin-colored leg. Several neoplasms often merge into one massif, resembling a crest of a rooster or a turkey beard. Accumulations of warts cause a lot of inconvenience with their appearance, itching and a sensation of growth on the skin. Often condylomas come off under the action of friction. Then in their place a bleeding wound forms, which heals with great difficulty.
Condylomas have a typical localization. They are located near the genital organs and inside them. Especially a lot of inconvenience is caused by genital warts of the vulva. They are noticeable during sexual intercourse, which gives women psychological discomfort. Many stop having sex because of complexes.
In addition, there is a risk of disrupting them during sexual intercourse. Then the woman will experience pain when touching the vulva or clitoris until the wound from the condyloma is healed. This significantly affects the quality of life of the patient. Therefore, when the first small neoplasms appear, it is necessary to visit a dermatologist. It is easier to treat condylomatosis in the initial stages than when switching to a neglected form.
HPV is able to remain inactive for a long time. Neoplasms begin to appear for several reasons:
- Low carrier immunity;
- Concomitant diseases in acute and chronic form;
- Non-observance of the daily routine;
- Lack of a balanced diet;
- Joining another STI
- Microtrauma in places of typical localization;
- Hormonal imbalance;
- Subcooling / overheating;
- Tight clothing, rubbed in places of localization of genital warts.
Sometimes the appearance of genital warts is initiated by the start of oral contraceptives. Strong OKs, for example, Yarina, prescribed without taking hormone tests, can cause hormonal imbalance in young girls. Against the background of improperly selected contraceptives, the body weakens, and the papilloma virus is activated. To prevent this, a full examination should be taken before taking birth control pills.
The virus is transmitted primarily through sexual contact. There is also a household distribution path, but it is rarely activated. This is due to the fact that several factors must coincide for the transmission of the virus in this way: low immunity + poor hygiene + preservation of the vital activity of the microorganism in the external environment.
The sexual method of infection is simpler, as it creates an ideal environment for the microbe:
- High humidity;
- High risk of microtrauma;
- The contact of the pathogen from skin to skin without the need to survive in the external environment.
Vulvar condylomas can appear even after protected intercourse. If the partner has neoplasms in the pubic area and at the root of the penis, these places remain open when using a condom. So the virus is transmitted from the patient to a healthy one.
With a small number of neoplasms of the vulvar condyloma, it is effective and safe to treat with various drugs. This helps to avoid possible complications from hardware removal in the form of scars. Conservative therapy takes longer, but produces more lasting results. Treatment is carried out by two groups of drugs.
These are drugs that reduce the activity of the virus and strengthen the cell walls, because of which the pathogen cannot penetrate and dies.
- Isoprinosine Groprinosin: take 2 tablets orally 3 p. per day. The course of treatment is from 14 to 28 days;
- Epigen spray: sprayed onto the vulva 4 p. per day to the complete disappearance of genital warts;
- Aldara / Keravort: cream for external use, applied to the affected area until the symptoms disappear completely;
- Panavir: gel and spray for external use, which processes the vulva until the genital warts disappear.
It is better to treat condylomatosis with these drugs after consulting a doctor. Individual reactions to external agents are possible.
These are drugs for oral administration. They should be used only with a course that must be completed. Immunostimulants include:
- Immunal: to be taken orally by 1 tablet. 4 p. per day from 2 weeks to 2 months;
- Polyoxidonium: intravaginal suppositories, insert 1 suppository before bedtime once every 2 days, course – 10 suppositories;
- Reaferon: dissolve the powder from 1 ampoule in ½ tsp. boiled water and taken orally half an hour before a meal, the course of treatment is 10 days.
If conservative treatment methods have been ineffective, use hardware removal of genital warts.
Methods of hardware exposure
Each of the methods has contraindications, therefore, before starting treatment, a specialist consultation is required.
- Cryodestruction – removal with liquid nitrogen. The safest way, complications are practically excluded;
- Laser – condyloma is burned out by a beam. The patient feels pain of varying degrees, scarring may occur if the technique is not followed;
- Electrocoagulation – removal is carried out with an electric knife in the form of a loop, carried out with local anesthesia;
- Radio wave excision – the Surgitron apparatus is used, the procedure is painless, but expensive.
When the first neoplasms appear, you should immediately contact a specialist. If you start treatment in time, you can avoid complications, and the therapy itself will be much faster.