Genital papillomas, like warts on other parts of the body, occur when papillomavirus enters the body through microdamages on the skin or mucous membrane. Due to the peculiarities of localization, benign formations in the groin are considered the most dangerous for the patient and for others, so treatment should be started immediately after detecting signs of the disease.
People who, due to false modesty, prefer not to see a doctor, but are treated on their own, are advised to familiarize themselves with the dangers of inguinal papillomatosis and with the main signs of the disease.
The danger of papillomas
It seems that a painless papilloma in the groin is only a cosmetic inconvenience and causes discomfort when it is necessary to undress in front of a partner, but this opinion is erroneous.
Genital papillomas can cause serious complications:
- Joining a secondary infection. Warts in the groin are often injured due to friction on clothing or during sex, forming bleeding wounds on the anogenital organs that pathogenic microorganisms can enter.
- Rebirth of tissues. Some strains of papillomavirus (HPV) due to permanent trauma to the wart can provoke the degeneration of a benign neoplasm into a cancerous tumor.
Patients are advised to remember that papilloma is caused by a virus and a seemingly safe wart serves as a source of infection.
Medical workers note that during sex, infection occurs in almost 100% of cases due to mucosal microtraumas. It is believed that the main route of transmission is sexual.
But besides this, you can be infected with HPV:
- visiting a bathhouse or sauna;
- using common hygiene items with the patient.
- The baby can become infected by the mother during childbirth.
Signs of illness
There are no characteristic external signs for the neoplasm, it can be:
- leg wart;
- small papule;
- slightly protruding seal on the skin.
The appearance of papillomas depends on the HPV strain with which the patient is infected.
Anogenital formations are localized:
- on the inner thighs;
- in the groin;
- near the anus;
- on the genitals.
Papillomas in men can appear:
- on the glans penis;
- in the bridle;
- on the inside of the foreskin;
- on the scrotum.
The appearance of warts on the body of the penis is detected in rare cases. Medical workers note that papillomatosis on the penis is possible only in representatives of the stronger sex, who underwent circumcision.
In women, papilloma growths are localized:
- on the labia;
- in the clitoris;
- on the walls of the vagina;
- on the outside of the urethra;
- virgins can appear on the virgin pleura.
With advanced forms of papilloma disease, it can be detected not only on the genitals, but also in the urethra or on the mucosa of the lower rectum.
Anogenital formations in the vagina or on the glans penis make sexual contact unpleasant and painful. In some cases, trying to avoid uncomfortable sensations, a person completely abandons sexual activity.
Often, if isolated anogenital warts are found, patients, instead of showing the neoplasm to the doctor, try to independently remove it or burn it out with home remedies.
But self-medication is dangerous, after burning out or mechanical removal at home, you may experience:
- Multiple papillomatosis. Removal of warts at home does not make it possible to eliminate HPV, and it provokes the appearance of new papillomas.
- Wound infection. With self-removal, the rules of antiseptics are not always followed, and the risk of infection in the resulting wound increases.
- Malignant degeneration. Mechanical or chemical effects on the wart can cause cancer.
It is necessary to discard false modesty and not engage in self-medication, but to show the neoplasm in the genital area to a dermatologist.
Features of the healing process
Before starting therapy, patients, to clarify the diagnosis, are prescribed:
- blood test for the presence of antibodies to HPV;
- biopsy and cytological examination of the taken cells.
After clarifying the diagnosis, an examination of the close environment of the patient is carried out: family members and sexual partners are checked for the presence of papillomovirus. Sex partners are almost always infected; in other family members, the disease can develop only if the rules of personal hyena are not observed.
They begin to treat both the patient and his infected relatives.
To do this, you can apply:
- prompt removal.
Treatment of genital papillomas with drugs is effective only in the early stages of papillomatosis and topical drugs can only be used to treat the external genitalia.
The doctor may prescribe a patient for genital treatment:
Lubricating anogenital neoplasms is recommended 2 times a day.
To treat the groin and thighs, you can use ointments with celandine (Celandine plus or Super Celandine).
With advanced forms of pathology, in addition to local therapy, it is prescribed to take in tablets:
If a patient has small, single genital papillomas, treatment can be carried out by cryodestruction (cauterization by cold), after which the HPV dies, and the neoplasm shrinks and disappears. In medical institutions, Cryopharma medication is used for cold exposure.
If there are no contraindications, then for the independent cryodestruction in the pharmacy, you can buy the drug Wartner. Application to Wartnerom warts 2-3 times a day gives a similar freezing effect.
There are several ways to remove papillomas on the genitals:
- Cold cauterization (liquid nitrogen is used). This method gives a good therapeutic effect if the papilloma is located on the labia of a woman or on the outer surfaces of the genitals in men. To eliminate warts inside the vagina, in the urethra or in the rectum, this method is not used. Cryotherapy destroys the papillomatosis virus and destroys the cytoplasm of pathologically overgrown cells. A few days after exposure to freezing, the papilloma disappears. The wart removal mark heals quickly.
- Using a laser. Removal of genital papillomas using laser therapy is considered one of the safest and least traumatic methods for removing warts. Laser resection is possible even with the localization of formations in the vagina, urethra or rectum. Under the action of a laser beam, the death of the virus and the destruction of the cytoplasm of pathologically altered virus cells occur. The technique is considered effective due to the rapid regeneration of the mucosa after exposure to a laser beam and a minimal number of complications. The laser is shown to be used even to treat children.
- Radio wave exposure. Of the devices for the behavior of this type of therapy, Surgitron is used, which provides the direct action of a high-frequency radio wave to a certain point of the mucosa. After treatment with a wave, a warty formation dries and disappears within a few days. Removal of genital papillomas using radio waves is still little known and this technology is not used in all clinics.
- Electric cauterization. The local action of an electric pulse on the neoplasm site contributes to cauterization of nerve endings and vascular coagulation. As a result, blood circulation stops in the wart and it can be removed painlessly with a surgical tool or it will disappear on its own in a few days. Electrocoagulation is considered one of the affordable and inexpensive methods of treating papillomatosis.
The appearance of genital papillomas should be taken seriously. This is not just a cosmetic defect, but a contagious disease that, without timely treatment, can cause serious complications.