A wart is in most cases a benign neoplasm of a viral nature that resembles a small lump or tubercle. Despite the fact that the wart is usually painless and is exclusively a cosmetic defect, it is wrong to ignore it completely.
The most severe moral discomfort to patients is caused by growths localized on the face. It will not be possible to hide them, and the treatment of formations on such delicate skin requires time and patience. And during this time, the self-esteem of patients, especially women, drops to zero. To prevent this from happening, it is better not to self-medicate, but to turn to professionals – dermatologists. They have a ton of ways in their arsenal on how to remove a skin defect quickly and without a trace. But first, you need to understand why there are growths on the face.
Causes of a wart on the face
From early childhood, everyone hears many myths about wart growths. Most of them tell of frogs that are able to "share" their pimples upon close contact. Of course, all this is grandmother's tales.
Today, it has been precisely established that the cause of the appearance of unpleasant defects is the human papillomavirus (HPV). Penetrating into the human body through microscopic wounds, HPV can lurk and not manifest itself for months, or even years. The incubation period of the virus depends on the level of the body's defenses. The better the human immunity, the longer the papillomavirus is in sleep mode.
Activate the virus and cause the appearance of growths can:
- Acute viral or bacterial disease;
- Physical and nervous exhaustion;
- Chronic insomnia;
- Lack of vitamins and minerals;
- Disorders of the endocrine system;
- Hormonal restructuring of the body during puberty, pregnancy and lactation;
- The acute phase of chronic diseases of the stomach;
- Increased sweating (especially in puberty and adolescence);
- Oily skin prone to acne.
There are two ways to infect a human papillomavirus:
- Contact – in direct contact with the affected area of the skin;
- Household – non-compliance with the rules of personal hygiene, the use of common towels, toothbrushes, washcloths.
As you can see, frogs, as well as their relatives, have nothing to do with warts on their faces. Now that the accusations from our smaller brothers have been removed, and the myths have been dispelled, we turn to the consideration of the types of growths.
If small tubercles similar to warts appear on the face, what to do and how to clarify what these neoplasms are? Of course, the consultation of a dermatologist would be the ideal solution, but if at present this is not possible, then you can try to determine the neoplasm yourself. Knowing what this or that type of growths on the face looks like, its characteristic features, it will not be difficult to do this.
- Simple or vulgar growths;
- Flat or youthful;
- Keratoses or senile warts;
- Colorless (white) neoplasms.
Reminiscent of small cones with a keratinized scaly upper layer with a dense structure. They are deployed on the face, on the lips. If you look at such a growth from above, you can notice a number of villi on an uneven surface. In diameter reach up to 1 centimeter. Usually these are flesh-colored growths that darken over time. There are cases when rashes begin to grow, forming one large growth.
It is this variety that is most often found on smooth skin of the face. Teenagers, as well as primary school children, are most prone to the formation of such skin defects. Hence the second name of flat warts – youthful. Place of localization – forehead, cheeks, chin.
May occur with cuts, scratches caused by inept shaving or unsuccessful acne removal. They are rounded irregular plaques, slightly elevated above the surface of the skin. Match skin color, sometimes have a pinkish tint.
The only variety that does not have a viral etymology arising from age-related changes in the subcutaneous dermis. From such neoplasms, people aged fifty to sixty five years suffer. Often localized precisely on the face, which causes moral discomfort. Outwardly, they resemble a bean on a leg or a spot with an uneven edging of dark color.
On top of the spot, small villi or scales are formed, upon scraping of which the neoplasm begins to bleed. The danger of such growths is that melanoma is often masked by seborrheic keratosis. Therefore, you should definitely consult your doctor so as not to miss a cancerous tumor. Therapy of senile keratosis is a long, but often inconclusive, event.
Colorless or white growths
There are colorless defects that merge with the skin. These are neoplasms that do not contain melanocyte, so they were nicknamed white. Their development occurs in the same way as other types of warts. Therefore, therapy has similar steps.
Only a specialist, having examined and prescribed additional clinical trials, can confirm or refute the diagnosis. Also, an experienced doctor will recommend you the most effective, quick way to eliminate small defects, as well as means for preventing re-occurrence.
Removal of warts on the face
A wart on the face is usually a cosmetic defect that does not pose a threat to human life and health. There are cases of self-healing from growths. Usually they occur in patients of a young age. The older the patient, the less likely he is to spontaneously get rid of neoplasms.
However, self-healing takes time, and to predict whether this will happen or not is impossible. In addition, moral discomfort is often worse than any pain. Therefore, the question of the treatment of growths on the face is quite acute.
You can try to remove the neoplasms on the face yourself at home. But you need to do this very carefully, given the delicate skin of the face. It is much more difficult to fix the consequences of improper removal than to bring out the growth itself. It is better to seek the help of a dermatologist. After examination and clinical tests, the doctor will make an accurate diagnosis and make a verdict whether the tumor can be removed.
Breeding neoplasms in a medical clinic
The doctors are armed with modern methods of dealing with unwanted defects:
- Cryodestructive method provides for the impact on the wart of liquid nitrogen, chilled to a minimum. A quick and painless method allows you to get rid of growths and not be afraid of scars. It so happens that to cope with a warty formation in one procedure fails. This is due to the inability to control the depth of freezing;
- Laser technique. A modern method that excludes injury to healthy areas of the skin. Today, there are two types of laser: carbon dioxide and erbium. Penetrating into the tissue of the neoplasm, the laser beam vaporizes the growth cells in layers within a few minutes. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia. The ability to control the strength and depth of laser exposure allows you to display deep and chronic tumors. Possible small grooves that remain in place of the removed growth, align themselves for seven to ten days;
- Electrocoagulation Method. Exposure to a high-frequency current closed in a loop reduces the skin defect in one application. The growth cells are burned out, and a crust grows on the site of the growth, which needs to be taken care of. The method of electrocoagulation requires a long rehabilitation and local anesthesia, therefore it is not suitable for children. The appearance of a small scar or scar;
- Operational method. The growth is excised with a surgical scalpel. If there are signs of malignancy of the formation or it is so deep that it is not possible to remove it using other methods, an operation is prescribed. A noticeable scar remains at the site of the removed growth;
- Radio wave destruction method. A non-invasive modern method eliminates the risk of damage to healthy skin and the development of a secondary infection. Leaves no scars or scars.
Medications for warts on the face
For those who for some reason do not want to go to a specialized clinic to get rid of unpleasant neoplasms, medicines are offered that can be purchased at a pharmacy without a prescription.
- Preparations for home cryodestruction. This is Cryopharma, Wartner. Their effect is reminiscent of freezing the growth with liquid nitrogen. Using the applicator, the product is applied to the wart and left for up to twenty seconds. If the growth did not fall off within one to two weeks, the procedure can be repeated. But no more than three times. It is not recommended for use in warts that appear during pregnancy, for children under four years of age and patients with diabetes;
- Drugs that contribute to necrosis of neoplasm tissue. These include Fresol, Solkoderm, Verrukatsid. Cauterization of the growth is done carefully to prevent burns to healthy tissues. The aggressive effect of drugs is due to alkalis and acids included in their composition. Not used for children and people with hypersensitivity to the skin;
- Preparations with a keratolic effect: Kolomak, Superchistotel, Salipod. The main component of Salipod and Kolomak is salicylic acid, Superchistotel – sodium hydroxide and potassium. These substances soften the growth and contribute to its rejection. When applying, you must strictly follow the instructions so as not to damage healthy skin. Before applying the product, it is recommended to treat the skin around the wart with oily cream or petroleum jelly.
You can cure warts that pop up on your face with medications in the form of an ointment or cream.
- Viferon. It contains interferon (an antiviral substance), peach oil and vitamins of group E and C. When applied twice a day, the drug has a local antiviral effect, helps to reduce warts and make skin smooth and soft. It does not leave scars and scars, due to which it is indicated for use on the face. The course of treatment, depending on the severity of the disease, is from one to four weeks;
- Panavir. Available in gel form and has an antiviral effect. It stimulates the production of its own interferon, and also restores the epithelium. It is applied at least twice a day. Often prescribed in preventive measures before or after removal of neoplasms;
- Oxolinic Ointment. Prevents the penetration of the virus into the epithelial cells. It softens the skin, has a soft exfoliating effect. It is applied twice a day. The course of treatment is prescribed by the doctor individually, on average, is about a month.
Alternative methods for removing warts on the face
Folk recipes for getting rid of skin defects do not lose their popularity today. According to patients, many of them managed to reduce warts thanks to recipes of traditional medicine.
Starting home treatment with folk remedies, it should be remembered that:
- This is a lengthy process that takes time and patience from you;
- Clearly observe the proportions indicated in the recipe, do not experiment with your health and beauty;
- If the wart turns red, there is pain or bleeding, stop treatment immediately and go to the doctor.
The most popular recipes of traditional medicine are based on the cauterizing properties of herbs and plants.
Recipe number 1 Celandine
Juice is squeezed out of a freshly picked plant stem. The neoplasm is treated with this juice. The procedure is carried out two to three times a day. For one treatment, two to three drops of juice are enough. Use celandine juice on the face must be extremely careful, as it can cause burns or scars.
Recipe number 2 Iodine
The use of iodine in the treatment of growths on the face is associated with its necrotic and antiseptic effect. It not only successfully removes the growth, but also prevents the occurrence of a secondary infection. The advantage of using iodine is its affordable price.
To get rid of the wart with a cotton swab, carefully gently lubricate each growth three to five times a day. A full recovery will take one to three weeks.
Recipe number 3 Castor oil
Everyone knows the laxative properties of ricin (castor) oil. But besides this, castor has won its place in home cosmetology. It is obtained from the poisonous plant castor oil plant, which belongs to the milkweed family. To get rid of toxic substances, the oil is steamed. Thus, it loses its toxicity, while retaining its healing properties: regenerative, anti-inflammatory, emollient.
Using castor oil, you can even get rid of senile keratosis. An additional plus is the absolute harmlessness of the oil for external use.
Before using castor oil, the neoplasm should be steamed well and then wiped dry with a paper towel. A small amount of oil is carefully rubbed into circular growth with circular motions, and then covered with a bactericidal patch. It is advisable to do the procedure before bedtime, and leave the patch overnight. In the morning, the patch is removed, and the neoplasm is washed well under running water, removing the upper softened layer.
To increase the effectiveness of treatment, castor oil is mixed with soda and applied to the growth. Put a small piece of garlic on top and fix it with a band-aid.
Perhaps skeptics will be opposed to alternative methods of treatment, but patient reviews prove the effectiveness of such therapy. And the availability of home remedies becomes an additional plus when choosing such a treatment.