The appearance of warts on the human body is provoked by the activity of papillomavirus infection. These benign skin growths can cause not only cosmetic, but also quite severe physical discomfort. So, a neoplasm located on the foot causes pain when walking and the larger the plantar wart, the stronger the pain.
Today, it is easy (in any clinic) to remove warts with electrocoagulation. This method has been used for a long time, it is popular due to its effectiveness and availability.
Electrocoagulation – what is it?
In fact, the method of electrocoagulation is nothing more than cauterization of benign epidermal growths – warts, genital warts, papillomas, and others.
The exposure is carried out through a special coagulator device, which passes alternating or constant high-frequency current. It heats pathological tissues to maximum temperatures, as a result of which coagulation of protein structures occurs (folding), and therefore the destruction and death of the growth.
At the end of the device there is a thin loop to which current flows. This part is the main one in the process of removal – it is thrown over the growth, the device is connected and the neoplasm is removed in a matter of seconds.
In one session, the duration of which is only 1-3 minutes, you can remove several small warts at once. Eliminating the formation on the foot is much more difficult, as a rule, it is quite dense and has a root, so the procedure can take up to 5 minutes.
How is the removal procedure
Before the start of the session, the patient should be examined by a doctor, if there is a suspicion of malignancy of the growth, perform a histological examination. In the absence of contraindications, the wart is removed on the same day.
Initially, so that the person does not get hurt (the procedure is rather unpleasant) they undergo local anesthesia, and they also treat the skin around with an antiseptic. After a few minutes, proceed to the removal.
A loop electrode is placed over the neoplasm and a pathological growth is burned out at a temperature of 800C. A scab (crust) forms on the treated area and the denser it is, the more efficient the operation has been.
In the process of coagulation, blood vessels are simultaneously soldered, so the procedure takes place without blood loss. In addition, the treated area is covered with fibrin, which does not pass pathogens, so infection is excluded.
The method is used for any localization of growths, however, large warts in open areas of the body with the help of current are not recommended to be removed – there is a risk of tissue scarring.
Usually, only one procedure is enough to get rid of epidermal growths, while relapses are extremely rare in only 10 out of 100% of cases. An important role in the development of repeated neoplasms is played by improper postoperative care.
Immediately after burning the wart by electrocoagulation, the treated area looks swollen and inflamed, but after 2-3 hours the unpleasant symptoms gradually subside.
The crust has a protective function, a new epidermal layer matures under it, so it is important not to rush the healing process – the scab should fall off on its own (it is impossible to scratch) exposing a pinkish thin layer of skin. After some time, this pink area will return to its usual color. By the way – if the crust is dense and dry, this indicates that the healing process is proceeding successfully.
On the second day after removal, the place of exposure is recommended to be treated with potassium permanganate 5% or to use Baneocin antiseptic powder, the manipulation is performed daily for 7-10 days. Also, within 3-4 weeks it is better to refuse to visit saunas, tanning salons, beaches in order to avoid infection and the appearance of unwanted pigmentation.
If the wound does not heal for a long time, this may indicate the penetration of the infection, so do not hesitate to consult a doctor – long-term non-healing wounds always leave quite deep scars.
If you follow all the recommendations, then you will not have any traces after the manipulation.
Each method has its contraindications, electrocoagulation, including. Removal of warts by current is not recommended:
- In the presence of malignant tumors of any localization;
- Herpetic infection in the acute stage;
- Diseases of the hematopoietic system, in particular bleeding disorders;
- The tendency to form keloid scars;
- With skin diseases of an inflammatory nature, especially in the treated area;
- During pregnancy and lactation;
- Patients with cardiovascular pathologies and the presence of pacemakers;
- With intolerance to anesthetics;
- Individual sensitivity to electric shock;
- During exacerbation of somatic diseases.
In general, patients tolerate the electrocoagulation procedure well, sometimes unpleasant sensations or minor side effects are possible, but this is most likely the fault of an inexperienced doctor, and not the consequences of the manipulation itself.
Despite many contraindications, the technique has much more advantages than disadvantages.
Pros and cons of electrocoagulation
The positive aspects of the procedure are obvious:
- The minimum number of relapses is only 10% of 100;
- Lack of blood loss – during the session, the blood vessels are simultaneously soldered;
- The penetration of infection is impossible – the wound is covered with fibrin, which does not pass pathogens;
- Speed - in one procedure lasting several minutes, you can remove up to 10 or more growths. Repeated sessions are not required;
- Lack of scars – adhering to all care recommendations, only a bright area remains at the site of exposure, eventually acquiring the usual skin color;
- Widespread use – growths are removed on any parts of the body;
- A short recovery period – usually 2 weeks after removal, only a slight light pigment resembles the procedure.
An important aspect is the cost of the procedure – electrocoagulation is available to everyone. So removing a wart up to 2 mm in size costs 300 rubles, an element up to 5 mm – 600 rubles, from 5 to 10 mm – 900 rubles, and about 1,500 rubles will be needed to get rid of a growth of 11 mm or more.
The only gripe that can be found when reading patient reviews is the short-term discomfort manifested during the procedure by burning and slight pain. But here it should be noted that the body of each person is individual and reacts to intervention in different ways – it all depends on individual tolerance.
In general, electrocoagulation is an effective, painless and affordable procedure for a simple layman.